, Volume 96, Issue 3, pp 307-315
Date: 23 Dec 2008

In vitro sucrose concentration affects growth and acclimatization of Alocasia amazonica plantlets

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Abstract

Plantlets of Alocasia amazonica were regenerated on the MS medium supplemented with different concentrations (0–9%) of sucrose. An absence of sucrose in the growth medium induced generation of leaves, however, it decreased multiplication. On contrary, sucrose supply of 6% or 9% enhanced multiplication but hampered photoautotrophic growth (generation of leaves). Increasing sucrose supply also increased sugars and starch content and number of stomata and decreased water potential and size of stomata during in vitro growth period. During ex vitro acclimatization, shoot length, root length, leaf number and root number of Alocasia plantlets grown with 3% sucrose, were found to be better among the other studied sucrose concentrations. Under ex vitro acclimatization, number of stomata, contents of various carbohydrates in the leaves were increased but size of stomata decreased with increasing sucrose supply during in vitro growth period. Moreover, water potential of leaves of plantlets, which have been grown with a sucrose concentration other than 3%, was decreased. During in vitro growth, net CO2 assimilation rate (PN), transpiration (E), stomatal conductance (gs) and variable fluorescence to maximum fluorescence ratio (Fv/Fm) were unaffected, however, during acclimatization these were changed and maximum PN, E, and gs were observed in the plantlets micropropagated with 3% sucrose. Fv/Fm was decreased severely in the plantlets micropropagated with 6% sucrose during acclimatization. Thus a sucrose concentration of 3% in the medium is appeared to be better among studied concentrations for both in vitro growth and ex vitro acclimatization of A. amazonica plantlets.