, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 303-310
Date: 10 Jun 2011

Local and systemic application of tranexamic acid in heart valve surgery: a prospective, randomized, double blind LOST study

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Abstract

The study was performed to examine a possible augmentation of systemic administration of tranexamic acid by the additional topical application during heart valve surgery in the post-aprotinin era. One-hundred patients were enrolled in the study and all the patients were given tranexamic acid intravenously. The participants were randomized into two groups (A, n = 49; B, n = 51), and before commencing the sternal suturing, the study solution (group A: 250 ml of normal saline + tranexamic acid 2.5 g, placebo group B: 250 ml of normal saline) was poured into the pericardial cavity. The cumulative blood loss (geometric means [95% confidence intervals]) 4 h after the surgery was 86.1 [56.1, 132.2] ml in group A, and 135.4 [94.3, 194.4] in group B, test for equality of geometric means P = 0.107, test for equality of variances P = 0.059. Eight hours after the surgery, the blood loss was 199.4 [153.4, 259.2] ml in group A, 261.7 [205.1, 334.0] ml in group B, P = 0.130 and P = 0.050, respectively. Twenty-four hours postoperatively the blood loss was 504.2 [436.0, 583.0] ml in group A, 569.7 [476.0, 681.7] ml in group B, P = 0.293 and P = 0.014, respectively. The proportion of patients transfused postoperatively by fresh frozen plasma differed significantly between the two study groups (group A: n = 21, group B: n = 36, P = 0.008). Our hypothesis is supported by a significant difference in the inter-group variance of blood loss and the proportion of patients requiring fresh frozen plasma; however evident differences in mean postoperative blood loss were not statistically significant.