Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 279-287

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Thromboprophylaxis use in medical and surgical inpatients and the impact of an electronic risk assessment tool as part of a multi-factorial intervention. A report on behalf of the elVis study investigators

  • Edward JanusAffiliated withWestern Hospital Email author 
  • , Anmol BassiAffiliated withFrankston Hospital
  • , David JacksonAffiliated withLismore Base Hospital
  • , Harshal NandurkarAffiliated withSt Vincent’s Hospital
  • , Mark YatesAffiliated withBallarat Health Services


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major source of morbidity and mortality for both surgical and medical hospitalised patients. Despite the availability of guidelines, thromboprophylaxis continues to be underutilised. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of an electronic VTE risk assessment tool (elVis) on VTE prophylaxis in hospitalised patients. A national, multicentre, prospective clinical audit collected information on VTE prophylaxis and risk factors for VTE in 2,400 hospitalised patients (comprising of equal numbers of medical, surgical and orthopaedic patients). After auditing the standard care use of VTE prophylaxis in 1,200 consecutive patients (audit 1, A1), the elVis system was installed and a second audit (A2) of VTE prophylaxis was performed in a further 1,200 patients. The use of the electronic VTE risk assessment tool was low with 20.5% of patients assessed with elVis. The intervention, elVis plus accompanying education, improved the use VTE prophylaxis to guidelines by 5.0% amongst all patients and by 10.7% amongst high risk patients (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.27 and 1.65 respectively). The use of elVis in A2 varied between hospitals and specialties and this resulted in marked heterogeneity. Despite this heterogeneity, patients assessed with elVis had 1.44 times higher AOR of being treated to guidelines compared to those who were not (P < 0.05). The use of elVis accompanied by staff education improved VTE prophylaxis, especially amongst high risk patients. To optimise the effectiveness and support enduring practice change electronic systems, such as elVis, need to be completely integrated within the treatment pathway.


Deep vein thrombosis Venous thromboembolism Pulmonary embolism Guideline adherence Prevention Thromboprophylaxis