Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 1479–1489

Implementation of a robust absolute virtual head mouse combining face detection, template matching and optical flow algorithms

  • T. Pallejà
  • A. Guillamet
  • M. Tresanchez
  • M. Teixidó
  • A. F. del Viso
  • C. Rebate
  • J. Palacín
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11235-011-9625-y

Cite this article as:
Pallejà, T., Guillamet, A., Tresanchez, M. et al. Telecommun Syst (2013) 52: 1479. doi:10.1007/s11235-011-9625-y

Abstract

This work proposes the implementation of a robust absolute virtual head mouse based on the interpretation of head movements and face gestures captured with a frontal camera. The procedure combines face detection, template matching and optical flow algorithms to emulate all mouse events. This virtual device is designed specifically as an alternative non-contact pointer for people with mobility impairments in the upper extremities. The implementation of the virtual mouse was compared with a standard mouse, a touchpad and a joystick. Validation results show motion performances comparable to those of a standard mouse and better than those of a joystick in addition to good performances when detecting face gestures to generate click events: 96% success in the case of opening the mouth and 68% in the case of voluntary eye blinks.

Keywords

Virtual mouseFace detectionTemplate matchingOptical flow

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Pallejà
    • 1
  • A. Guillamet
    • 1
  • M. Tresanchez
    • 1
  • M. Teixidó
    • 1
  • A. F. del Viso
    • 2
  • C. Rebate
    • 2
  • J. Palacín
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.eInclusion Unit, IndraMadridSpain