Knowledge, doubt, and circularity
First Online: 24 March 2011 Received: 11 March 2011 Accepted: 11 March 2011 DOI:
10.1007/s11229-011-9927-3 Cite this article as: Reed, B. Synthese (2012) 188: 273. doi:10.1007/s11229-011-9927-3 Abstract
Ernest Sosa’s virtue perspectivism can be thought of as an attempt to capture as much as possible of the Cartesian project in epistemology while remaining within the framework of externalist fallibilism. I argue (a) that Descartes’s project was motivated by a desire for intellectual stability and (b) that his project does not suffer from epistemic circularity. By contrast, Sosa’s epistemology does entail epistemic circularity and, for this reason, proves unable to secure the sort of intellectual stability Descartes wanted. I then argue that this leaves Sosa’s epistemology vulnerable to an important kind of skepticism.
Keywords Knowledge Certainty Skepticism Doubt Circularity Descartes Epistemology References
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