, Volume 188, Issue 2, pp 309–321

On Reflective Knowledge: replies to Battaly and Reed


DOI: 10.1007/s11229-011-9920-x

Cite this article as:
Sosa, E. Synthese (2012) 188: 309. doi:10.1007/s11229-011-9920-x


This article is a reply to Baron Reed and Heather Battaly, two critics in a book symposium on my Reflective Knowledge. The reply to Reed concerns the main content and structure of Descartes’s epistemology. The reply to Battaly concerns how best to deal with epistemic circularity.


DescartesEpistemic circularityReflective knowledgeThe Cartesian Circle

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA