, Volume 188, Issue 2, pp 309-321

First online:

On Reflective Knowledge: replies to Battaly and Reed

  • Ernest SosaAffiliated withDepartment of Philosophy, Rutgers University Email author 

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This article is a reply to Baron Reed and Heather Battaly, two critics in a book symposium on my Reflective Knowledge. The reply to Reed concerns the main content and structure of Descartes’s epistemology. The reply to Battaly concerns how best to deal with epistemic circularity.


Descartes Epistemic circularity Reflective knowledge The Cartesian Circle