, Volume 190, Issue 13, pp 2481–2503

When warrant transmits and when it doesn’t: towards a general framework


DOI: 10.1007/s11229-011-0018-2

Cite this article as:
Moretti, L. & Piazza, T. Synthese (2013) 190: 2481. doi:10.1007/s11229-011-0018-2


In this paper we focus on transmission and failure of transmission of warrant. We identify three individually necessary and jointly sufficient conditions for transmission of warrant, and we show that their satisfaction grounds a number of interesting epistemic phenomena that have not been sufficiently appreciated in the literature. We then scrutinise Wright’s analysis of transmission failure and improve on extant readings of it. Nonetheless, we present a Bayesian counterexample that shows that Wright’s analysis is partially incoherent with our analysis of warrant transmission and prima facie defective. We conclude exploring three alternative lines of reply: developing a more satisfactory account of transmission failure, which we outline; dismissing the Bayesian counterexample by rejecting some of its assumptions; reinterpreting Wright’s analysis to make it immune to the counterexample.


Transmission of warrantTransmission failureEpistemic transmissionPropositional warrantCrispin Wright

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philosophy DepartmentAberdeen UniversityAberdeenScotland, UK
  2. 2.Instituto de FilosofiaUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal