Hussak, W. Stud Logica (2008) 88: 247. doi:10.1007/s11225-008-9104-y
We consider the decision problem for cases of first-order temporal logic with function symbols and without equality. The monadic monodic fragment with flexible functions can be decided with EXPSPACE-complete complexity. A single rigid function is sufficient to make the logic not recursively enumerable. However, the monadic monodic fragment with rigid functions, where no two distinct terms have variables bound by the same quantifier, is decidable and EXPSPACE-complete.
first-order temporal logic monodic fragment predicate logic with functions decidability