Space Science Reviews

, Volume 170, Issue 1, pp 559–582

Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN) Experiment Onboard NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory

  • I. G. Mitrofanov
  • M. L. Litvak
  • A. B. Varenikov
  • Y. N. Barmakov
  • A. Behar
  • Y. I. Bobrovnitsky
  • E. P. Bogolubov
  • W. V. Boynton
  • K. Harshman
  • E. Kan
  • A. S. Kozyrev
  • R. O. Kuzmin
  • A. V. Malakhov
  • M. I. Mokrousov
  • S. N. Ponomareva
  • V. I. Ryzhkov
  • A. B. Sanin
  • G. A. Smirnov
  • V. N. Shvetsov
  • G. N. Timoshenko
  • T. M. Tomilina
  • V. I. Tret’yakov
  • A. A. Vostrukhin
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11214-012-9924-y

Cite this article as:
Mitrofanov, I.G., Litvak, M.L., Varenikov, A.B. et al. Space Sci Rev (2012) 170: 559. doi:10.1007/s11214-012-9924-y

Abstract

The description of Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN) experiment is presented, as a part of the NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory mission onboard the mars rover Curiosity. The instrument DAN includes Pulsing Neutron Generator (PNG) producing pulses of 14.1 MeV neutrons for irradiation of subsurface material below the rover, and Detectors and Electronics (DE) unit, which operates the instrument itself and measures the die-away time profiles of epithermal and thermal neutrons following each neutron pulse. It is shown that the DAN investigation will measure a content of hydrogen along the path of the MSL rover, and it will also provide information about a depth distribution of hydrogen at 10–20 regions selected for the detailed studies and sampling analysis.

Keywords

Mars explorationDetection of waterActive neutron experiment

List of Abbreviations

ASA

Active Surface Analysis

ASM

Active Surface Monitoring

CEN

Counter of Epithermal Neutrons

CTEN

Counter of Thermal and Epithermal Neutrons

DAN

Dynamic Albedo of neutrons

DE

Detectors and Electronics

FWHM

Full Width Half Maximum

GCR

Galactic Cosmic Rays

HCAS

Hydrogen or Chemical Anomaly Spot

ING

Industrial Neutron Generator

MCNPX

Monte Carlo Neutrons Protons X-rays

MeV

Mega electron Volt

MMTRG

Multi Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator

MSL

Mars Science Laboratory

PDS

Planetary Data System

PNG

Pulsing Neutron Generator

PSA

Passive Surface Analysis

SPE

Solar Particle Event

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. G. Mitrofanov
    • 1
  • M. L. Litvak
    • 1
  • A. B. Varenikov
    • 1
  • Y. N. Barmakov
    • 2
  • A. Behar
    • 3
  • Y. I. Bobrovnitsky
    • 4
  • E. P. Bogolubov
    • 2
  • W. V. Boynton
    • 5
  • K. Harshman
    • 5
  • E. Kan
    • 3
  • A. S. Kozyrev
    • 1
  • R. O. Kuzmin
    • 1
  • A. V. Malakhov
    • 1
  • M. I. Mokrousov
    • 1
  • S. N. Ponomareva
    • 4
  • V. I. Ryzhkov
    • 2
  • A. B. Sanin
    • 1
  • G. A. Smirnov
    • 2
  • V. N. Shvetsov
    • 6
  • G. N. Timoshenko
    • 6
  • T. M. Tomilina
    • 4
  • V. I. Tret’yakov
    • 1
  • A. A. Vostrukhin
    • 1
  1. 1.Space Research InstituteMoscowRussia
  2. 2.All-Russian Institute of AutomaticsMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  4. 4.A.A. Blagonravov Institute of Mechanical EngineeringMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Lunar and Planetary LaboratoryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  6. 6.Joint Institute of Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussia