Article

Space Science Reviews

, Volume 127, Issue 1, pp 327-465

First online:

Interstellar-Terrestrial Relations: Variable Cosmic Environments, The Dynamic Heliosphere, and Their Imprints on Terrestrial Archives and Climate

  • K. SchererAffiliated withInstitut für theoretische Physik, Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum Email author 
  • , H. FichtnerAffiliated withInstitut für theoretische Physik, Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
  • , T. BorrmannAffiliated withInstitut für theoretische Physik, Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
  • , J. BeerAffiliated withEidgenössische Anstalt für Wasserversorgung, Abwasserreinigung und Gewässerschutz
  • , L. DesorgherAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Abteilung für Weltraumforschung und Planetologie
  • , E. FlükigerAffiliated withPhysikalisches Institut, Abteilung für Weltraumforschung und Planetologie
  • , H.-J. FahrAffiliated withInstitut für Astrophysik und extraterrestrische Forschung der Universität Bonn
  • , S. E. S. FerreiraAffiliated withUnit for Space Physics, School of Physics, North-West University
  • , U. W. LangnerAffiliated withUnit for Space Physics, School of Physics, North-West University
    • , M. S. PotgieterAffiliated withUnit for Space Physics, School of Physics, North-West University
    • , B. HeberAffiliated withInstitut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik
    • , J. MasarikAffiliated withDepartment of Nuclear Physics & Bio Physics, Commenius University
    • , N. ShavivAffiliated withHebrew University Jerusalem
    • , J. VeizerAffiliated withOttawa-Carleton Geoscience Center, University of Ottawa

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Abstract

In recent years the variability of the cosmic ray flux has become one of the main issues interpreting cosmogenic elements and especially their connection with climate. In this review, an interdisciplinary team of scientists brings together our knowledge of the evolution and modulation of the cosmic ray flux from its origin in the Milky Way, during its propagation through the heliosphere, up to its interaction with the Earth’s magnetosphere, resulting, finally, in the production of cosmogenic isotopes in the Earth’ atmosphere. The interpretation of the cosmogenic isotopes and the cosmic ray – cloud connection are also intensively discussed. Finally, we discuss some open questions.

Keywords

Interstellar-terrestrial relations variable cosmic ray fluxes dynamical heliosphere cosmogenic isotopes climate