Space Science Reviews

, Volume 120, Issue 1, pp 67-94

First online:

MHD Waves and Heating in Coronal Holes

  • Leon OfmanAffiliated withNASA Goddard Space Flight Center, The Catholic University of America Email author 

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Coronal holes have been identified as source regions of the fast solar wind, and MHD wave activity has been detected in coronal holes by remote sensing, and in situ in fast solar wind streams. I review some of the most suggestive wave observations, and discuss the theoretical aspects of MHD wave heating and solar wind acceleration in coronal holes. I review the results of single fluid 2.5D MHD, as well as multi-fluid 2.5D MHD models of waves in coronal holes, the heating, and the acceleration of the solar wind be these waves.


MHD waves coronal holes solar wind