Solar Physics

, Volume 257, Issue 2, pp 363–369

Evidence of 6 000-Year Periodicity in Reconstructed Sunspot Numbers


DOI: 10.1007/s11207-009-9380-3

Cite this article as:
Xapsos, M.A. & Burke, E.A. Sol Phys (2009) 257: 363. doi:10.1007/s11207-009-9380-3


Reconstructed sunspot data are available that extend solar activity back to 11 360 years before the present. We have examined these data using Hurst analysis, a moving average filter, and Fourier analysis. All of the procedures indicate the presence of a long term (≈6 000 year) cycle not previously reported. A number of shorter cycles formerly identified in the literature by using Fourier analysis, Bayes methods, and maximum entropy methods were also detected in the reconstructed sunspot data.


Solar activity, periodicHurst analysisSmoothing filterFourier analysis

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  2. 2.ConsultantWoburnUSA