1973False Promises: The Shaping of American Working-Class Consciousness. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.Google Scholar
, Blake E., andGlen E.Kreiner
1999“How can you do it? Dirty work and the challenge of constructing a positive identity.” Academy of Management Review 24:414–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
, TobyBarraud, andMannyKivowitz
2002Red Light Go. New York: KSK Studios.Google Scholar
1964Alienation and Freedom: The Factory Worker and His History. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
1979Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
1961Man, Play, and Games. Meyer Barash (trans.). New York: Free Press of Glencoe.Google Scholar
1990Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.Google Scholar
, Travis Hugh
2002 The Immortal Class: Bike Messengers and the Cult of Human Power. New York: Villard.Google Scholar
, Jack Tigh, andJohn D.Meeker
2003“Occupational injuries among Boston bicycle messengers.” American Journal of Industrial Medicine 42:519–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
, Norman K.
1989Interpretive Interactionism: Applied Social Research Methods Series, Vol. V16. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Doyle, John, PhillipMessing, andClementeCisi2004“Door crash kills bike messenger.” New York Post, November 19, pp. 21.
1992Central Life Interests: Creative Individualism in a Complex World. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
Finder, Alan1987“New York to ban bicycles on 3 major avenues.” New York Times, July 23, A1.
, Gary Alan
1992“The culture of production: Aesthetic choices and constraints in culinary work.” American Journal of Sociology 97:1268–1294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
1994“In search of the real self: Problems of authenticity in modern times.” In Gerald M. Platt and Chad Gordon (eds.), Self, Collective Behavior and Society: 139–154.Greenwich: JAI Press.Google Scholar
1973“Deep play: Notes on the Balinese cockfight.” In Interpretations of Culture: Selected Essays: 412–453. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Grant, Traci1994“Snowstorms pile risk on bike couriers’ path: Messengers weather obstacles to delivery.” Boston Globe, February 11, 29.
, JonOrcutt, andDavidPerry
1993Bicycle Blueprint: A Plan to Bringing Bicycling into the Mainstream in New York City. New York: Transportation Alternatives.Google Scholar
, Jane C.
1988“From night to day: Timing and the management of custodial work.” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 17:96–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
, Everett C.
1951“Work and the self.” In John H. Rohrer and Muzafer Sherif (eds.), Social Psychology at the Crossroads: 313–323. New York: Harper and Brothers.Google Scholar
Jason1999“The line.” Urban Death Maze 2 (February):9.
, Jack M.
1981“I’d rather be a messenger.” Natural History 90(8):66–73.Google Scholar
1978The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Leander, Tom1984“Backpedaling.” New York Times, July 21, 27.
Lee, Felicia R.2001“And you think crime is down?” New York Times, March 4.
1993Fast Food, Fast Talk: Service Work and the Routinization of Everyday Life. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Levy, Bob1989“Hope amid the spokes and wheels.” Washington Post, February 17, E4.
, Seymour Martin
, Martin A.Trow, andJames S.Coleman
1956Union Democracy: The Internal Politics of the International Typographical Union. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.Google Scholar
Liypsyte, Robert1994“Voices from the ‘sweatshop of the streets. ’” New York Times, April 30, B1.
Lyall, Sarah1987“For Manhattan couriers, brakeless bikes are the way to go.” New York Times, June 14, 58.
, Stephen G.
1990“Edgework: A social psychological analysis of voluntary risk taking.” American Journal Sociology 95:851–886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
1964One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
Mead, George Herbert1962Mind, Self, and Society. Charles W. Morris (ed.), Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Originally published in 1934.
, Richard G.
1983Mountain Experience: The Psychology and Sociology of Adventure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
, Richard G.
1993Secrecy in Fieldwork: Qualitative Research Methods Series, Vol. V29. New York: Sage.Google Scholar
Mullen, Scott2003“NYC messengers face deadliest summer in years.” Ride 112 (October):11.
Nesbit, Damien2000“Motherfuckin’ Monstertrack race report.” Urban Death Maze 6 (May):9–21.
, Christina E.
1996Home and Work: Negotiating Boundaries Through Everyday Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
, Stewart E.
1978San Francisco Scavengers: Dirty Work and the Pride of Ownership. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Phoenix2001“Road rage (vol. III).” Urban Death Maze 9 (February):25–26.
Raab, Selwyn1994 “Teamsters seeking to form bicycle messengers’ union: Complaints are rife in a tough, risky job.” New York Times, October 30, 43.
, Rebecca “Lampchop”
2000Nerves of Steel: Bike Messengers in the United States. Buffalo, NY: Spoke and Word.Google Scholar
1985“The invisible horsemen: The social world of the backstretch.” Qualitative Sociology 8:248–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rosenthal, Richard1987“New York forum about town: Respect rides a 2-way street.” Newsday, July 28, 50.
, Donald F.
1953“Work satisfaction and social reward in quota achievement: An analysis of piecework incentive.” American Sociological Review 18:507–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2001The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
1998The Corrosion of Character: The Personal Consequences of Work in the New Capitalism. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Smith, Danitia1986“Fast company: Wheel tales of Manhattan’s bike messenger.” New York Magazine, January 13, 38–43.
, Dorothy E.
1990The Conceptual Practices of Power: A Feminist Sociology of Knowledge. Boston: Northeastern University Press.Google Scholar
2004“Bicycle messengers and the dialectics of speed.” In Cynthia Fuchs Epstein and Arne L. Kalleberg (eds.), Fighting for Time: 150–190. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
2001Pedal. New York: Fractured Media.Google Scholar
, William E.
1983“Hanging tongues: A sociological encounter with the assembly line.” Qualitative Sociology 6:215–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
, William E., andJackie L.Harred
1992“Topless dancers: Managing stigma in a deviant occupation.” Deviant Behavior 13:291–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
, William E.
, Jack L.Harred, andBarbara E.Burks
2003“Managing the stigma of topless dancing: A decade later.” Deviant Behavior 24:551–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tommasson, Robert E.1991“Fax displacing manhattan bike couriers.” New York Times, March 19, A1.
, Harrison M.
1993Occupational Subcultures in the Workplace. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.Google Scholar
Urban Death Maze2000“Cycle Messenger World Championships” (advertisement). Urban Death Maze 7 (August): 21.
1958The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Talcott Parsons (trans.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Originally published in 1904–1905.Google Scholar
, Daniel R.
1991The Rebels: A Brotherhood of Outlaw Bikers. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar