Social Indicators Research

, Volume 113, Issue 1, pp 213-234

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Impact of Competing Values and Choices on Democratic Support in Hong Kong

  • Wai-man LamAffiliated withDepartment of Politics and Public Administration, The University of Hong Kong Email author 


This paper examines the reasons for the relatively low democratic support (DS) in Hong Kong in the context of competing values and choices based on the previous Asian Barometer Surveys. In so doing, it establishes a three-factor theoretical model that includes survey attitudinal statements related to authoritarianism (AU), nationalism (NA) and economic evaluations (EC) on DS. Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the analysis shows that the hypothesized model is a very good fit. The Hong Kong people’s relatively low DS, in terms of their unconditional support for democracy and the degree of democracy they want for Hong Kong, can be well explained by the three factors in combination. The factors have various extent of impact on DS, with AU being the strongest, followed by EC, and then NA. The paper contributes by illustrating the usefulness of CFA in political values research, unraveling the comparative importance of the values and choices in affecting DS, and establishing a model for further testing.


Political values Indicators of democratic support Democratic consolidation Hong Kong