Social Indicators Research

, Volume 112, Issue 3, pp 641-660

First online:

Social Exclusion and Its Causes in East Asian Societies: Evidences from SQSQ Survey Data

  • Ka LinAffiliated withCollege of Public Administration, Zhejiang University Email author 
  • , Yun XuAffiliated withNanjing University of Finance and Economics
  • , Tianhai HuangAffiliated withSchool of International Studies, Zhejiang University
  • , Jiahua ZhangAffiliated withSchool of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Nanjing University

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Using data from surveys on “social quality survey questionnaires”, carried out by the Asian Consortium for Social Quality between 2009 and 2011, this study investigates the causes of social exclusion in six Asian societies. About 6,460 questionnaires were completed and the analysis of the data reveals the features and the causes of social exclusion in these societies. The study concludes that the impact of social factors (maritual status, parental relations, and personal relations with local communities) on social exclusion is stronger than the political and economical factors (including class stratification and lack of financial resources). The findings indicate that the lack of social capitals is the most significant cause of social exclusion in these societies.


Indicator Social exclusion Social inclusion Social quality East Asia