Social Indicators Research

, Volume 112, Issue 3, pp 641–660

Social Exclusion and Its Causes in East Asian Societies: Evidences from SQSQ Survey Data


    • College of Public AdministrationZhejiang University
  • Yun Xu
    • Nanjing University of Finance and Economics
  • Tianhai Huang
    • School of International StudiesZhejiang University
  • Jiahua Zhang
    • School of Social and Behavioural SciencesNanjing University

DOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0074-0

Cite this article as:
Lin, K., Xu, Y., Huang, T. et al. Soc Indic Res (2013) 112: 641. doi:10.1007/s11205-012-0074-0


Using data from surveys on “social quality survey questionnaires”, carried out by the Asian Consortium for Social Quality between 2009 and 2011, this study investigates the causes of social exclusion in six Asian societies. About 6,460 questionnaires were completed and the analysis of the data reveals the features and the causes of social exclusion in these societies. The study concludes that the impact of social factors (maritual status, parental relations, and personal relations with local communities) on social exclusion is stronger than the political and economical factors (including class stratification and lack of financial resources). The findings indicate that the lack of social capitals is the most significant cause of social exclusion in these societies.


IndicatorSocial exclusionSocial inclusionSocial qualityEast Asia

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012