Social Indicators Research

, Volume 80, Issue 3, pp 493–510

Developing an Index of Deprivation Which Integrates Objective and Subjective Dimensions: Extending the Work of Townsend, Mack and Lansley, and Halleröd


DOI: 10.1007/s11205-006-0004-0

Cite this article as:
Eroğlu, S. Soc Indic Res (2007) 80: 493. doi:10.1007/s11205-006-0004-0


This article presents a new approach to index development, extending the methods used by Townsend, Mack and Lansley and Halleröd to measure deprivation in the developed world. The index combines three ‘objective’ dimensions of deprivation (i.e. monetary, consumption and work-related), and weighs them according to subjective perceptions regarding which items are more critical to deprivation. A particular application of factor analysis to determining deprivation measures and their corresponding weights leads to a more sophisticated and theoretically robust index than those used previously. The index draws on data from interviews with both partners of 17 households randomly sampled from a Turkish squatter settlement. The article contends that the methodological and substantive advantages of this approach are relevant to both developing and developed contexts.

Key words

factor analysisobjective and subjective deprivationpovertyTurkeywell-being

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social ResearchUniversity of KentCanterburyUK