Article

Social Indicators Research

, Volume 78, Issue 2, pp 341-360

Testing for Measurement Invariance in the Satisfaction with Life Scale: A Comparison of Russians and North Americans

  • Kari L. TuckerAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Irvine Valley College
  • , Daniel J. OzerAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of California
  • , Sonja LyubomirskyAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of California Email author 
  • , Julia K. BoehmAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of California

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Abstract

This study examined the comparability of Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) [Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985, Social Indicators Research, 34: 7–32] scores across U.S. and Russian student and community groups. Criteria for weak measurement invariance were met when comparing U.S. and Russian groups (combining student and community samples). Criteria for weak and strong measurement invariance were met when comparing the U.S. and Russian student samples. However, when comparing the U.S. and Russian community samples, the results showed a significant statistic for a baseline model, indicating a lack of comparability across samples. The costs of failing to meet criteria for weak, strong, and strict measurement invariance are discussed.

Key words

culture life satisfaction measurement invariance subjective well-being