Bem, S. L. (1989). Genital knowledge and gender constancy in preschool children. Child Development, 60
Best, R. (1983). We’ve all got scars: What boys and girls learn in elementary school. Bloomington: Indiana University.
Burgess, V., Dziegielewski, S., & Green, C. E. (2005). Improving comfort about sex communication between parents and their adolescents: Practice-based research within a teen sexuality group. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention., 5
Butler, J. P. (1990). Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.
Ceballo, R., Chao, R., Hill, N., Le, H., Murry, V., & Pinderhughes, E. (2008). Excavating culture: Summary of results. Applied Developmental Science., 12
Couper, M. P., Traugott, M. W., & Lamias, M. J. (2001). Web survey design and administration. The Public Opinion Quarterly., 65
De Gaston, J. F., Weed, S., & Jensen, L. (1996). Understanding gender differences in adolescent sexuality. Adolescence, 31
DiIorio, C., Kelley, M., & Hockenberry-Eaton, M. (1999). Communication about sexual issues: Mothers, fathers, and friends. Journal of Adolescent Health, 24
DiMaggio, P., Hargittai, E., Neuman, W.R., & Robinson, J.P. (2001). Social implications of the internet. 27, 307–336.
Eccles, J. S., Jacobs, J. E., & Harold, R. D. (1990). Gender role stereotypes, expectancy effects, and parents' socialization of gender differences. Journal of Social Issues, 46
Feldman, S. S., & Rosenthal, D. A. (2000). The effect of communication characteristics on family members' perceptions of parents as sex educators. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 10
Fine, M. (1988). Sexuality, schooling, and adolescent females: The missing discourse of desire. Harvard Educational Review, 58, 29–53.
Fine, M., & McClelland, S. (2006). Sexuality education and desire: Still missing after all these years. Harvard Educational Review, 76, 297–338.
Frankham, J. (2006). Sexual antimonies and parent/child sex education: learning from foreclosure. Sexualities, 9
Geasler, M. J., Dannison, L. L., & Edlund, C. J. (1995). Sexuality education of young children: Parental concerns. Family Relations, 44
Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Dittus, P., & Collins, S. (2008). Parent-adolescent communication about sexual intercourse: An analysis of maternal reluctance to communicate. Health Psychology, 27
Higonnet, A. (1998). Pictures of innocence: The history and crisis of ideal childhood. New York: Thames and Hudson.
Hill, N., & Tyson, D. (2008). Excavating culture: Ethnicity and context as preditors of parenting behavior. Applied Developmental Science, 12
Hilton, G. L. S. (2001). Sex education—the issues when working with boys. Sex Education, 1, 31–41.
Ingraham, C. (1994). The heterosexual imaginary: Feminist sociology and theories of gender. Sociological Theory, 12
Irvine, J. (2002). Talk about sex: The battles over sex education in the United States. Berkeley: University of California.
Jaccard, J., & Dittus, P. (1991). Parent-teen communication: Toward the prevention of unintended pregnancies. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Jackson, S. (1982). Childhood and sexuality- understanding everyday experience. Oxford: Blackwell.
Kane, E. W. (2006). 'No way my boys are going to be like that!': Parents’ responses to children's gender nonconformity. Gender & Society, 20
Kim, J. L., Sorsoll, C. L., Collins, K., & Zylbergold, B. A. (2007). From sex to sexuality: Exposing the heterosexual script on primetime network television. The Journal of Sex Research, 44, 145.
Kohlberg, L. (1966). Moral education in the schools: A developmental view. School Review, 74
Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J. H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the united states. Chicago: University of Chicago.
Martin, K. A. (1996). Puberty, sexuality, and the self: Boys and girls at adolescence. New York: Routledge.
Martin, K. A. (1998). Becoming a gendered body: Practices of preschools. American Sociological Review, 25, 123–222.
Martin, K. A. (2005). William wants a doll. can he have one?: Feminists, child care advisors, and gender-neutral child rearing. Gender & Society, 19
Martin, K. A. (2009). Normalizing heterosexuality: mothers’ assumptions, talk, and strategies with young children. American Sociological Review, 74
Martin, C. L., & Ruble, D. (2004). Children's search for gender cues: Cognitive perspectives on gender development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13
Martin, K. A., & Kazyak, E. (2009). Hetero-romantic love and heterosexiness in children’s g-rated films. Gender & Society, 23
McGuffey, C. S. (2005). Engendering trauma: Race, class, and gender reaffirmation after child sexual abuse. Gender & Society, 19
McLoyd, V., Cauce, A., Takeuchi, D., & Wilson, L. (2000). Marital processes and parental socialization in families of color: A decade review of research. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62
Measor, L. (2004). Young people’s views of sex education: Gender, information and knowledge. Sex Education, 4, 153–166.
Miller, K., Kotchick, B., Dorsey, S., Forehand, R., & Ham, A. (1998). Family communication about sex: What are parents saying and are their adolescents listening? Family Planning Perspectives. 30.
Moore, L. (2003). ‘Billy the sad sperm with no tail’: Representations of sperm in children’s books. Sexualities., 6
Nolin, M. J., & Petersen, K. K. (1992). Gender differences in parent-child communication about sexuality: An exploratory study. Journal of Adolescent Research, 7
Omar, H., McElderry, D., & Zakharia, R. (2003). Educating adolescents about puberty: What are we missing? International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 15
Raffaelli, M., & Green, S. (2003). Parent-adolescent communication about sex; retrospective reports by latino college students. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65
Raffaelli, M., Bogenschneider, K., & Flood, M. F. (1998). Parent-teen communication about sexual topics. Journal of Family Issues, 19
Raffaelli, M., Smart, L. A., Horn, S. C. V., Hohbein, A. D., & Al, E. (1999). Do mothers and teens disagree about sexual communication? A methodological reappraisal. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 28
Regnerus, M. D. (2005). Talking about sex: Religion and patterns of parent-child communication about sex and contraception. The Sociological Quarterly, 46, 79–105.
Rich, A. (1980). Compulsory heterosexuality and lesbian existence. Signs, 5
Robinson, K. (2005). Childhood and sexuality: Adults constuctions and silenced children. In J. Mason & T. Fattore (Eds.), Children taken seriously: In theory, policy and practice (pp. 66–76). London: Kingsley.
Rosenthal, D. A., & Feldman, S. S. (1999). The importance of importance: Adolescents’ perceptions of parental communication about sexuality. Journal of Adolescence, 22
Schalet, A. (2000). Raging hormones, regulated love: Adolescent sexuality and the constitution of the modern individual in the United States and the Netherlands. Body & Society, 6
Schalet, A. (2004). Must we fear adolescent sexuality? Medscape, 6, 44.
Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS). (2004). Guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education: Kindergarten-12th grade, (3 rd ed.). Retrieved from http://www.siecus.org/_data/global/images/guidelines.pdf
Simon, R., Eder, D., & Evans, K. (1992). The development of feeling norms underlying romantic love among adolescent females. Social Psychology Quarterly, 55
Somers, C. L., & Surmann, A. T. (2004). Adolescents' preferences for source of sex education. Child Study Journal, 34, 47–59.
Sprecher, S., Harris, G., & Meyers, A. (2008). Perceptions of sources of sex education and targets of sex communication: Sociodemographic and cohort effects. Journal of Sex Research., 54, 17–26.
Tolman, D. (2002). Dilemmas of desire: Teenage girls talk about sexuality. Cambridge: Harvard University.
van der Valk, I., Spruijt, E., de Goede, M., Larsen, H., & Meeus, W. (2008). Family traditionalism and family structure: Attitudes and intergeneracional transmission of parents and adolescents. European Psychologist., 13
Ward, L. M. (2003). Understanding the role of entertainment media in the sexual socialization of american youth: A review of empirical research. Developmental Review, 23
Ward, L. M., & Wyatt, G. (1994). The effects of childhood sexual messages on African American and white women's adolescent sexual behavior. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 18
Weaver, A. D., Byers, E. S., Sears, H. A., Cohen, J. N., & Randall, H. E. S. (2002). Sexual health education at school and at home: Attitudes and experiences of New Brunswick parents. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 11, 19–31.
Witt, S. D. (2000). The influence of television on children's gender role socialization. Childhood Education, 76, 322.
Wright, D., & Young, R. (1998). The effects of family structure and maternal employment on the development of gender-related attitudes among men and women. Journal of Family Issues, 19