Sex Roles

, Volume 60, Issue 11, pp 765–778

Ambivalent Sexism and Power-Related Gender-role Ideology in Marriage

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-009-9585-9

Cite this article as:
Chen, Z., Fiske, S.T. & Lee, T.L. Sex Roles (2009) 60: 765. doi:10.1007/s11199-009-9585-9


Glick-Fiske’s (1996) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory(ASI) and a new Gender-Role Ideology in Marriage (GRIM) inventory examine ambivalent sexism toward women, predicting power-related, gender-role beliefs about mate selection and marriage norms. Mainland Chinese, 552, and 252 U.S. undergraduates participated. Results indicated that Chinese and men most endorsed hostile sexism; Chinese women more than U.S. women accepted benevolent sexism. Both Chinese genders prefer home-oriented mates (women especially seeking a provider and upholding him; men especially endorsing male-success/female-housework, male dominance, and possibly violence). Both U.S. genders prefer considerate mates (men especially seeking an attractive one). Despite gender and culture differences in means, ASI-GRIM correlations replicate across those subgroups: Benevolence predicts initial mate selection; hostility predicts subsequent marriage norms.


Hostile sexismBenevolent sexismMate selectionGender rolesMarriage norms

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Huazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA