Original Article

Sex Roles

, Volume 60, Issue 11, pp 765-778

First online:

Ambivalent Sexism and Power-Related Gender-role Ideology in Marriage

  • Zhixia ChenAffiliated withHuazhong University of Science and Technology
  • , Susan T. FiskeAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Princeton University Email author 
  • , Tiane L. LeeAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Princeton University

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Glick-Fiske’s (1996) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory(ASI) and a new Gender-Role Ideology in Marriage (GRIM) inventory examine ambivalent sexism toward women, predicting power-related, gender-role beliefs about mate selection and marriage norms. Mainland Chinese, 552, and 252 U.S. undergraduates participated. Results indicated that Chinese and men most endorsed hostile sexism; Chinese women more than U.S. women accepted benevolent sexism. Both Chinese genders prefer home-oriented mates (women especially seeking a provider and upholding him; men especially endorsing male-success/female-housework, male dominance, and possibly violence). Both U.S. genders prefer considerate mates (men especially seeking an attractive one). Despite gender and culture differences in means, ASI-GRIM correlations replicate across those subgroups: Benevolence predicts initial mate selection; hostility predicts subsequent marriage norms.


Hostile sexism Benevolent sexism Mate selection Gender roles Marriage norms