Original Article

Sex Roles

, Volume 60, Issue 9, pp 628-641

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Weight-Related Sport Motives and Girls’ Body Image, Weight Control Behaviors, and Self-Esteem

  • A. P. (Karin) de BruinAffiliated withVU University Amsterdam, Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences Email author 
  • , Liesbeth WoertmanAffiliated withUniversity of Utrecht, Department of Clinical Psychology
  • , Frank C. BakkerAffiliated withVU University Amsterdam, Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences
  • , Raôul R. D. OudejansAffiliated withVU University Amsterdam, Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences

Abstract

Research has shown that exercise for weight control is associated with disordered eating indices in older adolescent or adult exercisers in fitness centers. This study examined whether these relationships could be replicated in a more general sample of 140 Dutch adolescent girls between 13 and 18 years old. Questions about sport participation, items from the Multidimensional Body Image Questionnaire and BULIT-R, the Contour Drawing Rating Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were completed. The girls were categorized as sport-participants with or without weight-related motives or as non-sport-participants. Weight-related sport participation was significantly associated with body dissatisfaction, more weight control and lower self-esteem. In conclusion, it is important to consider motives for sport participation when studying relationships between sport and well being.

Keywords

Adolescents Body dissatisfaction Eating disorders Exercise motivation Sport participation