Disordered Eating in Undergraduates: Does Gender Role Orientation Influence Men and Women the Same Way?
- Mary Pritchard
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Previous studies have examined the influence of femininity on disordered eating behavior in female undergraduates, but few studies have examined the relation between gender roles and disordered eating in male undergraduates. The present study examined whether gender roles relate to disordered eating behaviors the same way in male and female undergraduates. 512 undergraduates (58% female) at a large university in the Pacific West region of the United States responded to a survey asking about eating behaviors and gender role orientation. Women displayed higher levels of disordered eating than did men. Undifferentiated and masculine women had higher levels of disordered eating than did androgynous women, whereas undifferentiated and feminine men had higher levels of disordered eating than did masculine and androgynous men.
- Alpert-Gillis, L. J., & Connell, J. P. (1989). Gender and sex-role influences on children’s self-esteem. Journal of Personality, 57, 97–114. CrossRef
- Anderson, C. B., & Bulik, C. M. (2004). Gender differences in compensatory behaviors, weight and shape salience, and drive for thinness. Eating Behaviors, 5, 1–11. CrossRef
- Bekker, M. H. J., & Boselie, A. H. M. (2002). Gender and stress: Is gender role stress? Are-examination of the relationship between feminine gender role stress and eating disorders. Stress and Health, 18, 141–149. CrossRef
- Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 155–162. CrossRef
- Bem, S. L. (1984). Androgyny and gender schema theory: a conceptual and empirical integration. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 32, 179–226.
- Brook, U., & Tepper, I. (1997). High school students’ attitudes and knowledge of food consumption and body image: implications for school based education. Patient Education and Counseling, 30, 283–288. CrossRef
- Buckley, T. R., & Carter, R. T. (2005). Black adolescent girls: do gender role and racial identity impact their self-esteem? Sex Roles, 53, 647–661. CrossRef
- Conner, M., Johnson, C., & Grogan, S. (2004). Gender, sexuality, body image, and eating behaviors. Journal of Health Psychology, 9, 505–515. CrossRef
- Davis, C., Dionne, M., & Lazarus, L. (1996). Gender-role orientation and body image in women and men: the moderating influence of neuroticism. Sex Roles, 34, 493–505. CrossRef
- Furnham, A., Badmin, N., & Sneade, I. (2002). Body image dissatisfaction: gender differences in eating attitudes, self-esteem, and reasons for exercise. The Journal of Psychology, 136, 581–596.
- Garner, D. M., Olmsted, M. P., & Polivy, J. (1983). Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2, 15–34. CrossRef
- Grucza, R. A., Przybeck, T. R., & Cloninger, C. R. (2007). Prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in a community sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 48, 124–131. CrossRef
- Hopsers, H. J., & Jansen, A. (2005). Why homosexuality is a risk factor for eating disorders in males. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 24, 1188–1201. CrossRef
- Johnson, C., Crosby, R., Engel, S., Mitchell, J., Powers, P. S., Wittrock, D., et al. (2004a). Gender, ethnicity, self-esteem and disordered eating among college athletes. Eating Behaviors, 5, 147–156. CrossRef
- Johnson, H. D., Lamont, J., Monacelli, J., & Vojick, A. (2004b). Sex-role orientation associations with college students’ body image preferences. Perception and Motor Skills, 99, 995–998. CrossRef
- Kashubeck-West, S., Mintz, L. B., & Weigold, I. (2005). Separating the effects of gender and weight-loss desire on body satisfaction and disordered eating behavior. Sex Roles, 53, 505–518. CrossRef
- Lakkis, J., Ricciardelli, L. A., & Williams, R. J. (1999). The role of sexual orientation and gender-related traits in disordered eating. Sex Roles, 41, 1–16. CrossRef
- Lancelot, C., & Kaslow, N. J. (1994). Sex role orientation and disordered eating in women: a review. Clinical Psychology Review, 14, 139–157. CrossRef
- Meyer, C., Blisset, J., & Oldfield, C. (2001). Sexual orientation and eating psychopathology: the role of masculinity and femininity. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29, 314–318. CrossRef
- Milligan, B., & Pritchard, M. E. (2006). The relationship between gender, sport, self-esteem and eating disordered behaviors in Division I athletes. Athletic Insight, 8, 9–43.
- Mintz, L. B., & Kashubeck, S. (1999). Body image and disordered eating among Asian American and Caucasian college students: an examination of race and gender differences. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 23, 781–796. CrossRef
- Muth, J. L., & Cash, T. F. (1997). Body–image attitudes: What difference does gender make? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27, 1438–1452. CrossRef
- O’Dea, J. A., & Abraham, S. (1999). Onset of disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in early adolescence: interplay of pubertal status, gender, weight and age. Adolescence, 34, 671–679.
- Paxton, S. J., & Sculthorpe, A. (1991). Disordered eating and sex role characteristics in young women: implications for sociocultural theories of disturbed eating. Sex Roles, 24, 587–598. CrossRef
- Pettinati, H. M., Franks, V., Wade, J. H., & Kogan, L. G. (1987). Distinguishing the role of eating disturbance from depression in the sex role self-perceptions of anorexic and bulimic inpatients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 96, 280–282. CrossRef
- Raudenbush, B., & Zellner, D. A. (1997). Nobody’s satisfied: effects of abnormal eating behaviors and actual and perceived weight status on body image satisfaction in males and females. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 16, 95–110.
- Russell, C. J., & Keel, P. K. (2002). Homosexuality as a specific risk factor for eating disorders in men. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 31, 300–306. CrossRef
- Shea, M., & Pritchard, M. E. (2007). Is self-esteem the primary predictor of disordered eating? Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 1527–1537. CrossRef
- Silverstein, B., Carpman, S., Perlick, D., & Perdue, L. (1990). Nontraditional sex role aspirations, gender identity conflict, and disordered eating among college women. Sex Roles, 23, 687–695. CrossRef
- Sitnick, T., & Katz, J. L. (1984). Sex role identity and anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 3, 81–87. CrossRef
- Smolak, L., & Levine, M. P. (1994). Toward an empirical basis for primary prevention of eating problems with elementary school-children. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 2, 293–307.
- Spence, J. T., Helmreich, R. L., & Stapp, J. (1975). Ratings of self and peers on sex role attributes and their relation to self esteem and conceptions of masculinity and femininity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 29–39. CrossRef
- Steiger, H., Fraenkel, L., & Leichner, P. (1989). Relationship of body distortion to sex-role identifications, irrational cognitions, and body weight in eating-disordered females. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 61–65. CrossRef
- Tata, P., Fox, J., & Cooper, J. (2001). An investigation into the influence of gender and parenting styles on excessive exercise and disordered eating. European Eating Disorders Review, 9, 194–206. CrossRef
- Thornton, B., Leo, R., & Alberg, K. (1991). Gender role typing, the superwoman ideal, and the potential for eating disorders. Sex Roles, 25, 469–484. CrossRef
- Weltzin, T. E., Weisensel, N., Franczyk, D., Burnett, K., Klitz, C., & Bean, P. (2005). Eating disorders in men: update. Journal of Men’s Health & Gender, 2, 186–193. CrossRef
- Wilcox, S. (1997). Age and gender in relation to body attitudes: is there a double standard of aging? Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 549–565. CrossRef
- Williams, R. J., & Ricciardelli, L. A. (2001). Sex-role traits and the comorbidity of symptoms of disordered eating and problem drinking. Eating Behaviours, 2, 67–77. CrossRef
- Disordered Eating in Undergraduates: Does Gender Role Orientation Influence Men and Women the Same Way?
Volume 59, Issue 3-4 , pp 282-289
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Gender roles
- Disordered eating
- College students
- Industry Sectors
- Mary Pritchard (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, Boise State University, 1910 University Drive, Boise, ID, 83725-1715, USA