Sex Roles

, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 317–327

The UCLA Body Project I: Gender and Ethnic Differences in Self-Objectification and Body Satisfaction Among 2,206 Undergraduates

  • David A. Frederick
  • Gordon B. Forbes
  • Kristina E. Grigorian
  • Johanna M. Jarcho
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-007-9251-z

Cite this article as:
Frederick, D.A., Forbes, G.B., Grigorian, K.E. et al. Sex Roles (2007) 57: 317. doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9251-z

Abstract

This study examined whether objectification theory is useful for understanding gender, body mass, and ethnic differences in body satisfaction among 2,206 US undergraduates who completed a body image survey. Women reported lower body satisfaction than men (d = .37) and this was true across the majority of the BMI continuum. Very slender men, however, were less satisfied than very slender women who approached the female thin-ideal. Differences in body satisfaction among White, Asian, and Hispanic participants were small to moderate (ds = .18 to .45). Consistent with the prediction that self-objectification has particularly negative effects on women who deviate from the slender White ideal, the association between body dissatisfaction and appearance surveillance was strongest for heavier and minority women.

Keywords

Body image Ethnicity Objectification 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Frederick
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Gordon B. Forbes
    • 2
  • Kristina E. Grigorian
    • 1
  • Johanna M. Jarcho
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Behavioral SciencesMillikin UniversityDecaturUSA
  3. 3.FPR-UCLA Center for Culture, Brain, and DevelopmentLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.UCLA Center for Behavior, Evolution, and CultureLos AngelesUSA