Sex Roles

, Volume 54, Issue 7, pp 575–583

The Role of Social Comparison and Body Consciousness in Women’s Hostility Toward Women

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-006-9024-0

Cite this article as:
Loya, B.N., Cowan, G. & Walters, C. Sex Roles (2006) 54: 575. doi:10.1007/s11199-006-9024-0

Abstract When confronted with images of attractive women, women who are hostile toward women (HTW) may demonstrate negative upward comparison, i.e., feel bad about themselves, or they may discount other women’s attractiveness. We examined the relations between women’s HTW and negative upward comparison, discounting, and body consciousness. The effect on HTW of viewing images of women also was examined. HTW was higher among those first exposed to the images than among those in a control condition. In general, analyses of the two conditions separately indicated that HTW was associated with devaluing the attractiveness of attractive and average-looking images, but not with negative upward comparison. In contrast to the association between HTW and discounting, body shame was consistently related to negative upward comparison, as well as to HTW.


Hostility toward women Upward comparison Body consciousness 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bianca N. Loya
    • 1
  • Gloria Cowan
    • 1
  • Christine Walters
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCalifornia State UniversitySan BernardinoUSA

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