Separating the Effects of Gender and Weight-Loss Desire on Body Satisfaction and Disordered Eating Behavior
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The purpose of this study was to separate the effects of gender from those of desired weight loss on body satisfaction and eating disordered behavior. Therefore, we explored gender differences in a sample (N = 191) of men and women who wanted to lose weight. We expected that controlling for desire to lose weight would minimize gender differences; this was supported for (a) overall body dissatisfaction, and (b) degree of concern about, effect of, and importance of weight and appearance. Nevertheless, women reported (a) less satisfaction with several body parts, (b) stronger relations between body satisfaction and self-esteem, and (c) use of more weight-loss strategies. Exploratory analyses also were conducted to examine within-group differences among men. Implications are discussed.
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- Separating the Effects of Gender and Weight-Loss Desire on Body Satisfaction and Disordered Eating Behavior
Volume 53, Issue 7-8 , pp 505-518
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- body image
- eating disorders
- gender differences
- weight-loss strategies
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Counseling and Family Therapy, University of Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri
- 4. Division of Counseling and Family Therapy, University of Missouri, St. Louis, One University Blvd., St. Louis, Missouri, 63121-4499
- 2. Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia
- 3. Department of Psychology, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas