Sex Roles

, Volume 52, Issue 11, pp 771–784

Patterns of Violent Relationships, Psychological Distress, and Marital Satisfaction in a National Sample of Men and Women


DOI: 10.1007/s11199-005-4198-4

Cite this article as:
Williams, S.L. & Frieze, I.H. Sex Roles (2005) 52: 771. doi:10.1007/s11199-005-4198-4


This paper examined six patterns of violent relationships (severe and mild victimization, perpetration, and mutual violence) and their associations with psychosocial outcomes in men and women (N = 3,519) using data from the National Comorbidity Survey. Violence patterns most frequently reported included mild and severe violence performed by both relationship partners. Some gender differences in frequency of patterns emerged. Main results showed gender differences and some similarities in associations between violence patterns and negative psychosocial outcomes. Women’s victimization, regardless of severity, was more strongly related to psychosocial outcomes than men’s. Yet, additional findings revealed gender similarities, with both men and women affected by mutual violence. Post hoc analyses further suggested that some individuals were satisfied and had relatively low distress, despite violence.


violence distress satisfaction gender relationships 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Social ResearchUniversity of MichiganAnn Arbor
  2. 2.University of PittsburghPittsburgh
  3. 3.Institute for Social ResearchUniversity of MichiganAnn Arbor