Sex Roles

, Volume 52, Issue 9, pp 625–636

Adolescents’ Perceptions of Masculine and Feminine Values in Sport and Physical Education: A Study of Gender Differences

  • Anne Torhild Klomsten
  • Herb W. Marsh
  • Einar M. Skaalvik

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-005-3730-x

Cite this article as:
Klomsten, A.T., Marsh, H.W. & Skaalvik, E.M. Sex Roles (2005) 52: 625. doi:10.1007/s11199-005-3730-x


In present study we investigated possible gender differences in how 357 secondary-school students valued the importance of masculine and feminine characteristics within sport and physical education and how their ratings of values were related to their participation in gendered sport. The results indicated that boys rated appearance strength, sports competence, endurance strength, and masculinity as significantly more important than did girls. Girls rated appearance good looking face, appearance slender, and femininity as significantly more important than did boys. Further, more boys participated in traditionally masculine sports, whereas girls to a greater extent participated in traditionally feminine sports. A discriminant function analysis separated the masculine sport group from the feminine sport group, which suggests that higher scores on the masculine function were indicative of lower value on appearance slender and flexibility, accompanied by higher value on appearance strength and masculinity. For the feminine sport group, this pattern was the opposite.

Key Words

adolescence gender masculine and feminine values sports 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Torhild Klomsten
    • 1
    • 4
  • Herb W. Marsh
    • 2
  • Einar M. Skaalvik
    • 3
  1. 1.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyNorway
  2. 2.University of Western SydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyNorway
  4. 4.Department of Sociology and Political ScienceNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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