Sex Roles

, Volume 51, Issue 11, pp 617–629

Gender and Sources of Subjective Well-Being

  • Anne Reid

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-004-0714-1

Cite this article as:
Reid, A. Sex Roles (2004) 51: 617. doi:10.1007/s11199-004-0714-1


The literature on national differences in sources of well-being (Kwan, Bond, & Singelis, 1997) was used to generate predictions about gender differences in sources of well-being. This linkage was made possible by parallels between national and gender differences in individualism, collectivism, and selfhood (Markus & Kitayama, 1994). Respondents completed measures of self-construal, self-esteem, relationship harmony, and well-being (positive and negative affect). As anticipated, men’s well-being was predicted better by self-esteem than by relationship harmony, whereas women’s well-being was predicted similarly (though more moderately) by self-esteem and relationship harmony. A mediated pathway from independent self-construal to well-being through self-esteem was predicted and supported. Conceptual fit of this study with previous cross-national and gender research is discussed.


Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Reid
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLehman College, City University of New YorkBronx