Akama, J. (2002). The role of government in the development of tourism in Kenya. International Journal of Tourism Research,
Akama, J., & Kieti, D. (2007). Tourism and socio-economic development in developing countries: A case study of Mombasa resort in Kenya. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,
Alila, P. O., & McCormick, D. (1997). Firm linkages in Kenya’s tourism sector. Discussion Paper No. 297, Institute of Development Studies. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.
Andriotis, K. (2002). Scale of hospitality firms and local economic development—Evidence from Crete. Tourism Management,
Ashley, C. (2006). Participation by the poor in Luang Prabang tourism economy: Current earnings and opportunities for expansion. Overseas Development Institute (ODI). Working Paper No. 273. London: ODI
Ashley, C., Boyd, C., & Goodwin, H. (2000). Pro-poor tourism: Putting poverty at the heart of the tourism agenda. Natural Resource Perspectives,
Bachmann, P. (1988). Tourism in Kenya: A basic need for whom? European University Studies (Vol. 10). Berne: Peter Lang.
Bailey, E., & Richardson, R. (2010). A new economic framework for tourism decision making. Tourism and Hospitality Research,
(4), 367–376. doi:10.1057/thr.2010.14
Banerjee, A. V., & Duflo, E. (2000). Reputation effects and the limits of contracting: Study of the Indian software industry. Quarterly Journal of Economics,
Bélisle, F. (1984). Tourism and food imports: The case of Jamaica. Economic Development and Cultural Change,
Bosma, N., Praag, M., Thurik, R., & Wit, G. (2004). The value of human and social capital investments for the business performance of start-ups. Small Business Economics,
Brown, R. C. (1997). Access to finance for women in business: Myths or realities. Unpublished keynote address at the International Conference for Women in SMMEs. Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Brüderl, J., & Preisendörfer, P. (1998). Network support and the success of newly founded businesses. Small Business Economics,
Carter, S., Shaw, E., Lam, W., & Wilson, F. (2007). Gender, entrepreneurship, and bank lending: The criteria and processes used by bank loan officers in assessing applications. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice,
Cheng, L., & Gereffi, G. (1994). The informal economy in East Asia development. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
Cooper, A. C., Gimeno-Gascon, F. J., & Woo, C. Y. (1994). Initial human and financial capital as predictors of new venture performance. Journal of Business Venturing,
Dieke, P. U. C. (2001). Sustainable ecotourism development: Kenya & South Africa. In D. B. Weaver (Ed.), Encyclopedia of ecotourism (pp. 89–105). Wallingford: CAB International.
Dollinger, M. (1985). Environmental contacts and financial performances of the small firm. Journal of Small Business Management,
Felsenstein, D., Foeken, D., Muraya, A., & Schwartz, D. (2000). Small-scale enterprises in rural Kenya: Constraints and perspectives. Netherlands–Israel Development Research Programme (NIRP) Research for Policy Series (Vol. 2). Amsterdam: KIT Publishers.
Fogel, G., & Zapalska, A. (2001). A comparison of small and medium size enterprise development in Central and Eastern Europe. Comparative Economic Studies,
Goodwin, H. (1998). Sustainable tourism and poverty elimination. Discussion Paper for DFID/DETR Workshop on Sustainable Tourism and Poverty, 13th October, 1998. London: Department for International Development.
Goodwin, H. (2002). Local community involvement in tourism around national parks: Opportunities and constraints. Current Issues in Tourism,
Government of Kenya. (2010). Economic survey. Nairobi: Government Printers.
Guha, I., & Ghosh, S. (2007). Does tourism contribute to local livelihoods? A case study of tourism, poverty and conservationin the Indian Sundarbans. SANDEE Working Paper No. 26-07.
Hansen, E. L. (1995). Entrepreneurship networks and new organization growth. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice,
Healy, R. (1994). Tourist merchandise as a means of generating local benefits from ecotourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,
Hill, T., Nel, E., & Trotter, D. (2006). Small-scale, nature-based tourism as a pro-poor development intervention: Two examples in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography,
Jommo, R. B. (1987). Indigenous enterprise in Kenya’s tourism industry. Itinéraires: Etudes du Développement No. 3 (English Version). Geneva: Institut Universitaire d’études du Développement.
Joosten, M., & Marwijk, R. (2003). A small contribution? Small tourism entrepreneurs and sustainable development in Malindi. PhD thesis, Recreation and Tourism, K400-753. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen University.
Kariuki, L. N. (2006). Participation of smallholders in international trade. In R. Ruben, M. Slingerland, & H. Nijhoff (Eds.), Agro-food chains and networks for development (pp. 41–48). Dordrecht: Springer.
Kirsten, M., & Rogerson, C. M. (2002). Tourism, business linkages and small enterprise development in South Africa. Development Southern Africa,
Manyara, G., & Jones, E. (2007). Community-based tourism enterprises development in Kenya: An exploration of their potential as avenues of poverty reduction. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,
Meyer, D. (2007). Pro-poor tourism: From leakages to linkages. A conceptual framework for creating linkages between the accommodation sector and ‘poor’ neighboring communities. Current Issues in Tourism,
Momsen, J. H. (1986). Linkages between tourism and agriculture: Problems for the smaller Caribbean economies. Seminar Paper, No. 45. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Department of Geography, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Momsen, J. H. (1998). Caribbean tourism and agriculture: New linkages in the global era? In T. Klak (Ed.), Globalization and neoliberalism: The Caribbean Context (pp. 115–134). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Moyi, E. D. (2003). Networks, information and small enterprises: NEW technologies and the ambiguity of empowerment. Information Technology for Development,
Mshenga, P., & Owuor, G. (2009). Opportunities for micro and small scale businesses in the tourism sector: The case of the Kenya coast. KCA Journal of Business Management,
Mshenga, P. M., Richardson, R. B., Njehia, B. K., & Birachi, E. A. (2010). The contribution of tourism to micro and small enterprise growth. Tourism Economics,
Nemasetoni, I., & Rogerson, C. M. (2005). Developing small firms in township tourism: Emerging tour operators in Gauteng. South Africa Urban Forum,
Ondicho, T. G. (2000). International tourism in Kenya: Development, problems and challenges. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review,
Papadaki, E., & Chami, B. (2002). Growth determinants of micro-businesses in Canada. Ottawa: Small Business Policy Branch, Industry Canada.
Rhiney, K. (2009). Redefining the link: Globalization, tourism and the Jamaican food supply network. In D. McGregor, D. Dodman, & D. Barker (Eds.), Global change and caribbean vulnerability, environment, economy and society at risk
(pp. 237–258). Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press. Available at: http://www.uwipress.com/sites/default/files/Global%20Change_website.pdf#page=258
. Accessed 4 Jan 2012.
Rimal, A., & Onyango, B. (2011). Purchasing locally produced fresh vegetables: National franchise vs. locally owned and operated restaurants. Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association 2011 AAEA, & NAREA Joint Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Available at: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/103464/2/AAEA_Manuscrpt_2011.pdf
. Accessed 24–26 July 2011
Rogerson, C. M. (2004). Urban tourism and small tourism enterprise development in Johannesburg: The case of township tourism. GeoJournal,
Shah, K. (2000). Tourism, the poor and other stakeholders: Asian Experience. ODI Fair Trade Paper. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Sharma, A. (2006). Economic costs and benefits of marketing local foods for independent restaurants and growers/producers in Iowa (Final Report). Ames: Iowa State University, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture. Available at: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/hrim/localfoods
. Accessed 4 Jan 2012
Sharma, A., Gregoire, M. B., & Strohbehn, C. (2009). Assessing costs of using local foods in independent restaurants. Journal of Foodservice Business Research,
Sharma, A., & Upneja, A. (2005). Factors influencing financial performance of small hotels in Tanzania. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,
Sleuwaegen, L., & Goedhuys, M. (2002). Growth of firms in developing countries, evidence from Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Development Economics,
Storey, D. J. (1989). Firm performance and size: Explanations from the small firm sector. Small Business Economics,
Telfer, D. J., & Wall, G. (2000). Strengthening backward economic linkages: Local food purchasing by three Indonesian hotels. Tourism Geographies,
Thomas, R. (2004). International perspectives on small firms in tourism: a synthesis. In R. Thomas (Ed.), Small firms in tourism: International perspectives
(pp. 1–12). Oxford: Pergamon.CrossRef
Thomas, R., & Thomas, H. (2006). Micro politics and micro firms: A case study of tourism policy formation and change. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development,
Thorpe, W., Chabari, F., Maloo, S., Muinga, R., Mukhebi, A., Mullins, G., et al. (1993). Smallholder dairy cattle production in coastal Kenya: Resource base assessment and constraint identification. In Animal Production in Developing Countries. Proceedings of the meeting held at Ashford, UK, 2–4 September 1991, (pp. 167–168). BSAP Occasional Paper 16. Penicuik, UK: British Society of Animal Production.
Timms, B. (2006). Caribbean agriculture–tourism linkages in a neoliberal world: Problems and prospects for St. Lucia. International Development Planning Review,
Torres, R. (2003). Linkages between tourism and agriculture in Quintana Roo, Mexico. Annals of Tourism Research,
UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) (2003). Tourism and local agenda 21: The role of local authorities in sustainable tourism. Paris: United Nations Environment Programme.
Verheul, I., & Thurik, R. (2001). Start-up capital: Does gender matter? Small Business Economics,
World Travel and Tourism Council. (2012).Travel and Tourism Economic Impact 2012: Kenya. Available at: http://www.wttc.org/research/economic-impact-research/country-reports/k/kenya/
. Accessed 20 Apr 2012