Mitochondrial haplotype variation in wild trout populations (Teleostei: Salmonidae) from northwestern Mexico
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- Camarena-Rosales, F., Ruiz-Campos, G., De La Rosa-Vélez, J. et al. Rev Fish Biol Fisheries (2008) 18: 33. doi:10.1007/s11160-007-9060-z
The variation and composition of Mexican wild trout mitochondrial DNA haplotypes throughout northwestern Mexico was determined by means of polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment polymorphism analysis (PCR–RFLP), of one region of mitochondrial DNA between cytochrome b and the D-loop. This analysis was based on 261 specimens taken in 12 basins and four hatcheries from northwestern Mexico. From 23 haplotypes, 15 wild trout haplotypes were identified and classified in four groups: (1) one restricted to Nelson’s trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss nelsoni), (2) four restricted to Río Mayo and RíoYaqui trout (O. mykiss sspp.), (3) six to Mexican golden trout (O. chrysogaster) with two subgroups, and (4) one exclusive to Río Piaxtla trout. Distributions of native haplotypes broadly overlap the distribution of non-native hatchery rainbow trout reflecting the historical management of introductions of exotic rainbow trout and the artificial transference of these trout among basins.