Rights Enforcement, Trade-offs, and Pluralism
- Adina Preda
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This paper asks whether (human) rights enforcement is permissible given that it may entail infringing on the rights of innocent bystanders. I consider two strategies that adopt a rights-sensitive consequentialist framework and offer a positive answer to this question, namely Amartya Sen’s and Hillel Steiner’s. Against Sen, I argue that trade-offs between rights are problematic since they contradict the purpose of rights, which is to provide a pluralist solution to disagreement about values, i.e. to allow agents to act in accordance with their values. I further argue that Steiner’s compensation strategy does not succeed in avoiding trade-offs so it falls prey to the same criticism. I propose a non-trade-off solution that is implicit in the accounts discussed and is more consistent with the meta-ethical framework advocated by Sen. This solution relies on an enforceable duty to share in the costs of rights enforcement hence it entails a degree of redistribution for enforcement purposes.
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- Rights Enforcement, Trade-offs, and Pluralism
Volume 17, Issue 3 , pp 227-243
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- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
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- Conflicts of rights
- Agent-relative reasons
- Adina Preda (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. CRÉUM, Université de Montréal, CRÉUM C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville Montréal, Québec, H3C 3J7, Canada