, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 27-36
Date: 03 Mar 2011

Diagnosis and treatment of primary aldosteronism

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Primary aldosteronism involves more than 11% of hypertensive patients who are referred to specialized centers for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. If not diagnosed early it causes an excess damage to the heart, vessels and kidney, which translates into an cardiovascular events. Since these ominous consequences can be corrected with a timely diagnosis and an appropriate therapy, physicians should exercise a high degree of alert concerning the possibility that primary aldosteronism is present in hypertensive patients. The purpose of this review is to provide up-dated information on the strategy for case detection, the subtype differentiation and the management of primary aldosteronism.