The influence of fitness on insulin resistance in obese children
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- Carrel, A.L. & Allen, D.B. Rev Endocr Metab Disord (2009) 10: 189. doi:10.1007/s11154-009-9109-5
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An increasingly pervasive environment of reduced activity and easy access to high caloric food is leading to an epidemic of poor cardiovascular fitness, obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in children. Studies have shown that insulin resistance (IR) to be an independent predictor for morbidity as well as mortality. These serve as a strong stimulus for public health strategies to improve fitness in children and adolescents. Methods to assess IR, improve IR and understand complications are increasingly important in children.