, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 189-196
Date: 29 May 2009

The influence of fitness on insulin resistance in obese children

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Abstract

An increasingly pervasive environment of reduced activity and easy access to high caloric food is leading to an epidemic of poor cardiovascular fitness, obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in children. Studies have shown that insulin resistance (IR) to be an independent predictor for morbidity as well as mortality. These serve as a strong stimulus for public health strategies to improve fitness in children and adolescents. Methods to assess IR, improve IR and understand complications are increasingly important in children.