, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 161-170
Date: 04 Jan 2008

Vitamin D deficiency in children and adolescents: Epidemiology, impact and treatment

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent among children and adolescents worldwide. The high rates of vitamin D deficiency during childhood are of major public health relevance, given the growing evidence that vitamin D deficiency may play a key role in the pathophysiology of many chronic diseases beyond rickets, including autoimmune conditions, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Identification, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency in childhood may therefore have profound health effects throughout the life span. In this review, we discuss the definitions, epidemiology, clinical implications, and treatment of vitamin D deficiency in children and adolescents.