There cannot be two omnipotent beings


DOI: 10.1007/s11153-007-9152-7

Cite this article as:
Baillie, J. & Hagen, J. Int J Philos Relig (2008) 64: 21. doi:10.1007/s11153-007-9152-7


We argue that there is no metaphysically possible world with two or more omnipotent beings, due to the potential for conflicts of will between them. We reject the objection that omnipotent beings could exist in the same world when their wills could not conflict. We then turn to Alfred Mele and M.P. Smith’s argument that two coexisting beings could remain omnipotent even if, on some occasions, their wills cancel each other out so that neither can bring about what they intend. We argue that this argument has an absurd consequence, namely having to regard an utterly powerless being as omnipotent.


OmnipotenceParadox of the stone, newConflict of will

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of PortlandPortlandUSA