, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 52-72
Date: 24 Jan 2012

The impact of state regulations on nursing home care practices

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This article assesses the effect of the minimum quality standards of deficiencies and nurse staffing requirements on the nursing home care practices of physical restraint, indwelling urinary catheter, and feeding tube use. National longitudinal data on nursing homes reveal that the effect of specific deficiency citations on care practice use depends on the clinical complementarity or substitutability of the deficiency and the specific care practice, while a high number of deficiencies can lead to a greater use of each care practice. Higher direct care staffing requirements increased the use of physical restraints and decreased the use of feeding tubes. Increases in licensed nursing staff requirements had no effect on the care practices studied. Regulators should be aware that using minimum quality standards when quality is multidimensional creates incentives for offsetting quality improvement practices.