, Volume 51, Issue 6, pp 417-430
Date: 18 Nov 2008

Spectra of Stimulated Electromagnetic Emission of the Ionosphere Upon Sweeping of the Pump Wave Frequency Near Gyroharmonics. I. Experimental Results

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Abstract

We present the results of experimental studies of the spectra of the stimulated electromagnetic emission excited in the ionosphere by powerful radio waves during the pump wave frequency sweeping near the forth (n = 4) and fifth (n = 5) harmonics of the electron cyclotron frequency nf ce. The frequency sweep was carried out for long (continuous) pumping in vertical and inclined directions (at 14° and 18° south of the zenith), as well as for the pulse diagnostic wave both with and without additional pumping far from the gyroharmonics. The dependences of the spectral features of the stimulated electromagnetic emission on the ratio between the pump-wave frequency f 0 (or on the diagnostic-wave frequency fDW) and nf ce were analyzed. It is found that near the multiple gyroresonance, different spectral features of the stimulated emission are quenched at the same frequency for different pump-wave frequencies. For a sufficiently large inclination of the pump wave beam from the vertical direction, the intensity of the stimulated electromagnetic emission is notably decreased for f 0 ≲ nf ce as compared with f 0 > nf ce.

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Translated from Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika, Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 461–476, June 2008.