PROMIS Pediatric Anger Scale: an item response theory analysis
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) aims to develop patient-reported outcome (PROs) instruments for use in clinical research. The PROMIS pediatrics (ages 8–17) project focuses on the development of PROs across several health domains (physical function, pain, fatigue, emotional distress, social role relationships, and asthma symptoms). The objective of the present study was to report on the psychometric properties of the PROMIS Pediatric Anger Scale.
Participants (n = 759) were recruited from public school settings, hospital-based outpatient, and subspecialty pediatrics clinics. The anger items (k = 10) were administered on one test form. A hierarchical confirmatory factor analytic model (CFA) was conducted to evaluate scale dimensionality and local dependence. Item response theory (IRT) analyses were then used to finalize the item scale and short form.
CFA confirmed that the anger items are representative of a unidimensional scale, and items with local dependence were removed, resulting in a six-item short form. The IRT-scaled scores from summed scores and each score’s conditional standard error were calculated for the new six-item PROMIS Pediatric Anger Scale.
This study provides initial calibrations of the anger items and creates the PROMIS Pediatric Anger Scale, version 1.0
- Ader, D. N. (2007). Developing the patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS). Medical Care, 45(Suppl 1), S1–S2. CrossRef
- Reeve, B. B., Hays, R. D., Bjorner, J. B., Cook, K. F., Crane, P. K., Teresi, J. A., et al. (2007). Psychometric evaluation and calibration of health-related quality of life items banks: Plans for the patient-reported outcome measurement information system (PROMIS). Medical Care, 45, S22–S31. CrossRef
- Cella, D., Yount, S., Rothrock, N., Gershon, R., Cook, K., Reeve, B., et al. (2007). The patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS): Progress of an NIH roadmap cooperative group during its first two years. Medical Care, 45(Suppl 1), S3–S11. CrossRef
- http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/child-and-adolescent-mental-health/index.shtml last accessed Oct. 5, 2009.
- Tangney, J. P., Hill-Barlow, D., Wagner, P. E., Marschall, D. E., Borenstein, J. K., Sanftner, J., et al. (1996). Assessing individual difference in constructive versus destructive responses to anger across the lifespan. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(4), 780–796. CrossRef
- DeWalt, D., Rothrock, N., Yount, S., & Stone, A. A. (2007). PROMIS cooperative group: Evaluation of item candidates: The PROMIS qualitative item review. Medical Care, 45(Suppl 1), S12–S21. CrossRef
- Walsh, T. R., Irwin, D. E., Meier, A., Varni, J. W., & DeWalt, D. (2008). The use of focus groups in the development of the PROMIS pediatric item bank. Quality of Life Research, 17, 725–735. CrossRef
- Irwin, D. E., Varni, J. W., Yeatts, K., & DeWalt, D. (2009). Cognitive interviewing methodology in the development of a pediatric item bank: A patient reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) study. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 7(3), 1–10.
- Matza, L. S., Swensen, A. R., Flood, E. M., Secnik, K., & Leidy, N. K. (2004). Assessment of Health-related quality of life in children: A review of conceptual, methodological, and regulatory issues. Value in Health, 7, 79–92. CrossRef
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Erhart, M., Wille, N., Wetzel, R., Nickel, J., & Bullinger, M. (2006). Generic Health-related quality-of-life assessment in children and adolescents: Methodological considerations. Pharmacoeconomics, 24(12), 1199–1220. CrossRef
- Irwin, D. E., Stucky, B. D., Thissen, D., Morgan DeWitt, E., Lai, J. S., Yeatts, K., et al. (2010). Sampling plan and patient characteristics of the PROMIS pediatrics large scale survey. Quality of Life Research, 19(4), 585–594. CrossRef
- Muthén, B., du Toit, S. H. C., Spisic, D. (1997). Robust inference using weighted least squared and quadratic estimating equations in latent variable modeling with categorical and continuous outcomes. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén, Unpublished technical report.
- Muthen, L. K., & Muthen, B. O. (2004). Mplus user’s guide (2nd ed.). Los Angeles CA: Muthen & Muthen (Ed.).
- Hill, C. D., Edwards, M. C., Thissen, D., Langer, M. M., Wirth, R. J., Burwinkle, T. M., et al. (2007). Practical issues in the application of item response theory: A demonstration using items from the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) 4.0 generic core scales. Medical Care, 45, S39–S47. CrossRef
- Samejima, F. (1969). Estimation of latent ability using a response pattern of graded scores, Psychometrika Monograph. No. 17.
- Samejima, F. (1997). Graded response model. In W. J. van der Linden & R. K. Hambleton (Eds.), Handbook of modern item response theory (pp. 85–100). New York: Springer.
- du Toit, M. (Ed.). (2003). IRT from SSI. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.
- Orlando, M., & Thissen, D. (2000). Likelihood-based item-fit indices for dichotomous item response theory models. Applied Psychological Measurement, 24, 50–64. CrossRef
- Orlando, M., & Thissen, D. (2003). Further examination of the performance of S-X2, an item fit index for dichotomous item response theory models. Applied Psychological Measurement, 27, 289–298. CrossRef
- Bjorner, J. B., Smith, K. J., Edelen, M. O., Stone, C., Thissen, D., & Sun, X. (2007). IRTFIT: A macro for item fit and local dependence tests under IRT models. Lincoln, RI: QualityMetric Incorporated.
- Thissen, D., Steinberg, L., & Wainer, H. (1993). Detection of differential item functioning using the parameters of item response models. In P. W. Holland & H. Wainer (Eds.), Differential item functioning (pp. 67–113). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Thissen, D. (2001). IRTLRDIF: Software for the computation of the statistics involved in item response theory likelihood-ratio tests for differential item functioning. Chapel Hill, NC: L.L. Thurstone Psychometric Laboratory, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Benjamini, Y., & Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling the false discovery rate: A practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B, 57, 289–300.
- Williams, V. S. L., Jones, L. V., & Tukey, J. W. (1999). Controlling error in multiple comparisons, with examples from state-to-state differences in educational achievement. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 24, 42–69.
- Steinberg, L., & Thissen, D. (2006). Using effect sizes for research reporting: Examples using item response theory to analyze differential item functioning. Psychiatry Methods, 11, 402–415. CrossRef
- Drasgow, F. (1987). Study of the measurement bias of two standardized psychological tests. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 19–29. CrossRef
- Thissen, D., Nelson, L., Rosa, K., & McLeod, L. D. (2001). Item response theory for items scored in more than two categories. In D. Thissen & H. Wainer (Eds.), Test Scoring (pp. 141–186). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Thissen, D., Reeve, B. B., Bjorner, J. B., & Chang, C.-H. (2007). Methodological issues for building item banks and computerized adaptive scales. Quality of Life Research, 16, 109–116. CrossRef
- Chen, W. H., & Thissen, D. (1997). Local dependence indices for item pairs using item response theory. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 22, 265–289.
- Varni, J. W., Seid, M., & Kurtin, P. S. (2001). PedsQL™ 4.0: Reliability and validity of the pediatric quality of life inventory™ version 4.0 generic core scales in healthy and patient populations. Medical Care, 39, 800–812. CrossRef
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Gosch, A., Rajmil, L., Erhart, M., Bruil, J., Duer, W., et al. (2005). KIDSCREEN-52 quality of life measure for children and adolescents. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, 5, 353–364. CrossRef
- Gibbons, R. D., Weiss, D. J., Kupfer, D. J., Frank, E., Fagiolini, A., Grochocinski, V. J., et al. (2008). Using computerized adaptive testing to reduce the burden of mental health assessment. Psychiatric Services, 59, 361–368. CrossRef
- Bjorner, J. B., Chang, C. H., Thissen, D., & Reeve, B. B. (2007). Developing tailored instruments: Item banking and computerized adaptive assessment. Quality of Life Research, 16, 95–108. CrossRef
- Shafer, A. B. (2006). Meta-analysis of the factor structures of four depression questionnaires: Beck, CES-D, Hamilton, and Zung. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 123–146. CrossRef
- Watson, D., Clark, L. A., Weber, K., Assenheimer, J. A., Strauss, M. E., & McCormick, R. A. (1995). Testing a tripartite model: I. Evaluating the convergent and discriminant validity of anxiety and depression symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 3–14. CrossRef
- Watson, D., Clark, L. A., Weber, K., Assenheimer, J. S., Strauss, M. E., & McCormick, R. A. (1995). Testing a tripartite model: II. Exploring the symptom structure of anxiety and depression in student, adult, and patient samples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 15–25. CrossRef
- Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 316–336. CrossRef
- Chorpita, B. F., Albano, A. M., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). The structure of negative emotions in a clinical sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 74–85. CrossRef
- Brown, T. A., Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). Structural relationships among dimensions of the DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders and dimensions of negative affect, positive affect, and autonomic arousal. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 179–192. CrossRef
- Pilkonis, PA, Reise SP, Stover AM, Riley WT, Cella D, (2010) Items Banks for Measuring Emotional Distress from the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS): Depression, Anxiety, and Anger. Manuscript in process.
- Flanagan, R., & Allen, K. (2005). A review of the children’s inventory of anger (CHIA): A needed measure. Jorunal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 23(3), 263–273. CrossRef
- Hagglund, K. J., Clay, D. L., Frank, R. G., Beck, N. C., Kashani, J. H., Hewett, J., et al. (1992). Assessing anger expression in children and adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 19(3), 291–304. CrossRef
- Beck, J. S., Beck, A. T., & Jolly, J. (2001). Manual for the Beck youth inventories of emotional & social impairment. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
- Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms and profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children Youth and Families.
- DeWitt EM, Stucky BD, Thissen D, Irwin DE, Varni JW, Lai JS, Yeatts KB, DeWalt DA. (in press) Construction of PROMIS Pediatric Physical Function Scales: Built using Item Response Theory. J Clin Epi.
- Varni, J. W., Stucky, B. D., Thissen, D., DeWitt, E. M., Irwin, D. E., Lai, J. S., et al. (2010). PROMIS pediatric pain interference scale: An item response theory analysis of the pediatric pain item bank. Journal of Pain, 11, 1109–1119. CrossRef
- Irwin, D. E., Stucky, B. D., Langer, M. M., Thissen, D., DeWitt, E. M., Lai, J. S., et al. (2010). An item response analysis of the pediatric PROMIS anxiety and depressive symptoms scales. Quality of Life Research, 19(4), 595–607. CrossRef
- Yeatts, K., Stucky, B. D., Thissen, D., Irwin, D. E., Varni, J. W., DeWitt, E. M., et al. (2010). Item-analysis of the pediatric asthma impact scale (PAIS) for the patient reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS). Journal of Asthma, 47, 295–302. CrossRef
- PROMIS Pediatric Anger Scale: an item response theory analysis
Quality of Life Research
Volume 21, Issue 4 , pp 697-706
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Scale development
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Epidemiology, CB #7295, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA
- 2. Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
- 3. National Board of Medical Examiners, Philadelphia, PA, USA
- 4. Division of Rheumatology, James M. Anderson Center for Health Systems Excellence, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
- 5. Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
- 6. Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
- 7. Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, College of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
- 8. Division of General Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA