Quality of life among caregivers of patients with eating disorders
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- Martín, J., Padierna, A., Aguirre, U. et al. Qual Life Res (2011) 20: 1359. doi:10.1007/s11136-011-9873-z
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To analyse health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its associated social and clinical variables among a sample of caregivers of patients with eating disorders (ED).
It is a cross-sectional study involving 145 patients receiving outpatient treatment for an ED and 246 related caregivers. ED patients completed two self-administered questionnaires: the Health-Related Quality of Life in ED-short form and Eating Attitudes Test-26 questionnaires. Caregivers completed four self-administered questionnaires: the Short Form-12, Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire-EU version, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Anorectic Behaviour Observation Scale. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Chi-square and Fisher’s exact test were applied to examine the inter-variable relationships.
Caregivers had low scores on the mental health component of the SF-12 (P < 0.05). Low SF-12 scores were associated with a greater perceived care burden in the stress domains in interpersonal relationships (beta = −0.360, SE = 0.162, P = 0.029) and the need to urge their sick relatives to undertake healthful activities (beta = −0.340, SE = 0.155, P = 0.031).
Low scores in the mental health domain of HRQoL among caregivers of patients with EDs indicate the need to pay particular attention to caregivers’ emotional status, especially among mothers and partners.
KeywordsCaregiversEating disordersHealth-related quality of life
Anorectic Behaviour Observation Scale
Analysis of Variance
Clinical Global Index
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Eating Attitudes Test-26
Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
Health-Related Quality of Life for Eating Disorders Questionnaire-short form
Health-related quality of life
Intraclass Correlation Coefficient
Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire—EU Version
Mental Component Scale
Mental Health and Functionality Domain
Physical Component Scale
Short-Form Health Survey-12
Social Maladjustment Domain