Quality of Life Research

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 675–682

The relationship between eating disorder psychopathology and health-related quality of life within a community sample

  • Joanna K. Vallance
  • Janet D. Latner
  • David H. Gleaves
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11136-010-9799-x

Cite this article as:
Vallance, J.K., Latner, J.D. & Gleaves, D.H. Qual Life Res (2011) 20: 675. doi:10.1007/s11136-010-9799-x

Abstract

Purpose

Recent research has begun investigating the impact of eating disorders on health-related quality of life (QOL). The present study examined the impact of eating disorder psychopathology on QOL within a community sample.

Methods

Two hundred and fourteen women completed questionnaires assessing eating disorder symptoms, body dissatisfaction, body checking and body avoidance behaviors, and general psychopathology.

Results

Eating disturbance and body image dissatisfaction were associated with poorer QOL. In addition, eating disorder psychopathology uniquely predicted QOL above and beyond the variance accounted for by general psychopathology. Both subjective bulimic episodes and objective bulimic episodes were associated with impairments in QOL.

Conclusions

These results indicate that eating disorder psychopathology may adversely affect the lives of women within the community. Early intervention and detection could reduce the negative impact of eating disorder psychopathology on women’s lives and protect individuals with mild eating disorder symptoms from a further reduction in QOL.

Keywords

Quality of lifeEating psychopathologyBinge eatingSubjective bulimic episodesGeneral psychopathology

Abbreviations

BCQ

Body checking questionnaire

BDI-II

Beck depression inventory II

BIAQ

Body image avoidance questionnaire

BMI

Body mass index (kg/m)

BSI

Brief symptom index

BSQ

Body Shape questionnaire

EDE-Q

Eating disorders examination questionnaire

EDI-II

Eating disorders inventory-2

MCS

Mental health component summary

OBE

Objective bulimic episode

OO

Objective overeating

PCS

Physical health component summary

QOL

Quality of life

SBE

Subjective bulimic episode

SF-36

Medical Outcomes Survey Short-form Health Survey

WHOQOL

World Health Organization quality of life group

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna K. Vallance
    • 1
  • Janet D. Latner
    • 2
  • David H. Gleaves
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA