Quality of Life Research

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 939–946

Sense of coherence predicts change in life satisfaction among home-living residents in the community with mental health problems: a 1-year follow-up study

Authors

    • Faculty of Health and Social SciencesBergen University College
  • Astrid K. Wahl
    • Section of Health SciencesOslo University
  • Kjell Kristoffersen
    • Department of Public Health and Primary Health CareUniversity of Bergen
  • Monica W. Nortvedt
    • Faculty of Health and Social SciencesBergen University College
  • Berit R. Hanestad
    • Department of Public Health and Primary Health CareUniversity of Bergen
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11136-007-9199-z

Cite this article as:
Langeland, E., Wahl, A.K., Kristoffersen, K. et al. Qual Life Res (2007) 16: 939. doi:10.1007/s11136-007-9199-z

Abstract

Objectives There is a call for a further investigation of Sense of Coherence (SOC), the central concept in salutogenesis, and its relation to health and life satisfaction. No previous studies have investigated the utility of SOC versus mental symptoms for the prediction of life satisfaction among people with chronic mental health problems (MHP). Methods The present study has a prospective design including a baseline assessment and a 1-year follow up. We recruited 107 adults from the community health care system. SOC was measured by the Sense of Coherence questionnaire, mental symptoms by the Symptom Checklist-90 revised and life satisfaction by The Quality of Life Scale (all Norwegian versions). Results The results show that while SOC predicts change in life satisfaction (standardized beta coefficient for SOC was 0.39, P = 0.014), mental symptoms did not (standardized beta coefficient 0.00, P = 1.0). Conclusions These findings emphasize the importance of assessing factors that may explain differences in life satisfaction over and above mental symptoms among people with MHP. The results indicate that improving SOC among people with MHP might provide important opportunities for improving their life satisfaction.

Keywords

Life satisfactionMental symptomsPredictionProspective designSense of coherence

List of abbreviations

MHP

Mental health problems

SOC

Sense of coherence

QOLS

Quality of life scale

SCL- 90-R

Symptom Checklist-90 revised

GSI

Global Severity Index

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007