Quality of Life Research

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 481-491

First online:

Measuring the Impact of Diabetes Through Patient Report of Treatment Satisfaction, Productivity and Symptom Experience

  • Meryl BrodAffiliated withThe BROD GROUP Email author 
  • , Soren E. SkovlundAffiliated withNovo Nordisk
  • , Kim U. Wittrup-JensenAffiliated withNovo Nordisk

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Objective: Diabetes is a common, debilitating chronic illness with multiple impacts. The impact on treatment satisfaction, productivity impairment and the symptom experience may be among the most important for patient-reported outcomes. This study developed and validated disease-specific, patient-reported measures for these outcomes that address limitations in currently available measures. Methods: Data was collected from the literature, experts and patients and a conceptual model of the patient-reported impact of diabetes was created. Item pools, based on the conceptual model, were then generated. The items were administered to 991 diabetes patients via a web-based survey to perform item reduction, identify relevant factor structures and assess reliability and validity following an a-priori analysis plan. Results: All validation criteria and hypotheses were met resulting in three new, valid measures: a 21-item Satisfaction Measure (three sub-scales: burden, efficacy and symptoms), a 30-item Symptom Measure and a 14-item Productivity Measure assessing both life and work productivity impairments.Conclusion: This triad of measures captures important components of the multifaceted diabetes patient experience and can be considered as valid, viable options when choosing measures to assess patient-reported outcomes. Addressing these outcomes may assist researchers and clinicians to develop more patient-centered diabetes interventions and care.


Diabetes Patient-reported outcomes Productivity Symptoms Treatment satisfaction