Relevance and advantages of using the item response theory
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- Bortolotti, S.L.V., Tezza, R., de Andrade, D.F. et al. Qual Quant (2013) 47: 2341. doi:10.1007/s11135-012-9684-5
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The item response theory (IRT) also known as latent trait theory, is used for the development, evaluation and administration of standardized measurements; it is widely used in the areas of psychology and education. This theory was developed and expanded for over 50 years and has contributed to the development of measurement scales of latent traits. This paper presents the basic and fundamental concepts of this IRT and a practical example of the construction of scales is proposed to illustrate the feasibility, advantages and validity of IRT through a known measurement, the height. The results obtained with the practical application of IRT confirm its effectiveness in the evaluation of latent traits.