Quality & Quantity

, Volume 44, Issue 6, pp 1067–1078

Some views on agreement to be used in content analysis studies


DOI: 10.1007/s11135-009-9258-3

Cite this article as:
Popping, R. Qual Quant (2010) 44: 1067. doi:10.1007/s11135-009-9258-3


In content analysis studies texts might be coded three times or more, certainly in the training part. With respect to reliability several views on agreement can be used now, as these are found in the literature. These views are presented, and this is followed by a discussion resulting in the opinion that in research only one view, that of mean pairwise agreement, should be used.


Nominal scale agreement Interjudge reliability Content analysis Text analysis 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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