Original Paper

Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, 64:257

First online:

Antiproliferative Activity of Korean Wild Vegetables on Different Human Tumor Cell Lines

  • Buk-Gu HeoAffiliated withNaju Foundation of Natural Dyeing Culture
  • , Sang-Uk ChonAffiliated withEFARINET Co. Ltd., BI Center, Chosun University
  • , Yun-Jum ParkAffiliated withDivision of Horticulture and Pet Animal-Plant Science, Wonkwang University
  • , Jong-Hyang BaeAffiliated withDivision of Horticulture and Pet Animal-Plant Science, Wonkwang University
  • , Su-Min ParkAffiliated withDivision of Horticulture and Pet Animal-Plant Science, Wonkwang University
  • , Yong-Seo ParkAffiliated withDepartment of Horticultural Science, Mokpo National University
  • , Hong-Gi JangAffiliated withNaju Foundation of Natural Dyeing Culture
  • , Shela GorinsteinAffiliated withDepartment of Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products, School of Pharmacy, The Hebrew University- Hadassah Medical School Email author 

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This study was conducted to determine the antiproliferative activity of 24 Korean wild vegetables. The methanol extracts of these wild vegetables were used against lung, breast, colon and gastric cancer cells, and the results were assessed by MTT assay. It was found that at the extract concentration of 400 mgL−1 14 plants exercised antiproliferative activity over 80% against the lung cancer cells, one plant among six—against breast cancer cells, and two plants among six—against colon cancer cells, respectively. Eighteen wild vegetables had the hyperplasia inhibition activity against gastric cancer cells over 23.6% at all extract concentrations, however, only six plants had the antiproliferative activity over 80% in 600 mgL−1. It was found that the extracts from Youngia sonchifolia, Synurus deltoides, Syneilesis palmata, and Cephalonoplos segetum, in concentration of 400 mgL−1 inhibited the hyperplasia of lung cancer cells over 95% and Angelica gigas—both lung and colon cancer cells over 95%. In conclusion, the studied wild vegetables’ methanol extracts possess dose dependent antiproliferative properties, based on their bioactive compounds, mainly polyphenols, but some of them as Hypericum ascyron against lung cancer are not effective and even course harm.


Korean wild vegetables Methanol extracts Antiproliferative activity