Public Choice

, Volume 150, Issue 3, pp 651–670

Political parties and political shirking


DOI: 10.1007/s11127-010-9722-6

Cite this article as:
DeBacker, J. Public Choice (2012) 150: 651. doi:10.1007/s11127-010-9722-6


Using ADA roll call voting scores for the 1947–2006 period, I find that senators shirk in their last term. The degree of shirking is limited by political parties, which constrain the politician in his last term, and varies by post-Senate career choices. The results highlight the importance of political parties in the repeated game that is electoral politics.


Political parties Shirking Ideology 

JEL Classification

H11 D72 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AlexandriaUSA