Public Choice

, Volume 144, Issue 1, pp 119–131

The Marquis de Condorcet goes to Bern


DOI: 10.1007/s11127-009-9507-y

Cite this article as:
Bochsler, D. Public Choice (2010) 144: 119. doi:10.1007/s11127-009-9507-y


‘Condorcet cycles’ (or ‘paradoxes of cyclical majorities’) are an empirically rare phenomenon. A referendum in the Swiss canton of Bern on 28 November 2004 presents a rare occurrence. This study presents a new multi-option referendum procedure that makes Condorcet cycles visible, and it argues that in this case, the paradox might have resulted from strategic voting patterns.


Condorcet cycle Strategic voting Referendum Swiss cantons 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Comparative and International StudiesUniversität ZürichZürichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations