Implications of financing higher education for access and equity: The case of Syria
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This article examines the implications for access and equity of the Syrian government’s efforts to reform higher education in the country over the past decade. In the context of social and economic reforms that are moving the county from a state-controlled to a social market economy, it focuses on adequacy in financing higher education, as well as efficiency and equity. Significant progress has been made in access to higher education. The government has introduced a rich variety of options for accessing higher education, resulting in a doubling of enrolled students over the past 10 years. In terms of equity, the gender gaps in higher education enrollment and completion have all but disappeared nationally, although regional variations persist. The study raises concerns about the system’s internal and external efficiency: despite some improvements, the quality of the curricula and their relevance for the labour market remain serious issues.
- Abdul-Wahed, A-A., & Al-Awa, N. (2006). ICT strategy in higher education in Syria. Paper presented at the Expert Working Group Meeting on ICT Policy in ESCWA Countries, 3 May 2006, Beirut, Lebanon.
- CBS [Central Bureau of Statistics], Syria (1996–2007). Household income and expenditure surveys (HIES). Damascus: CBS.
- CBS [Central Bureau of Statistics], Syria (2001–2008). Statistical yearbooks 2001– 2008. Damascus: CBS.
- Kabbani, N. (2009). Why do young Syrians prefer public sector jobs? Middle East Youth Initiative Policy Outlook No. 2, 18 March 2009. Dubai: Dubai School of Government.
- Kabbani, N., & Kamel, N. (2009). Tapping into the economic potential of young Syrians: Ensuring economic inclusion during a time of transition. In N. Dhillon & T. Yousef (Eds.), Generation in waiting: The unfulfilled promise of young people in the Middle East. Washington, DC: Brookings Press.
- MHE [Ministry of Higher Education] (2004). Syrian higher education system. Unpublished paper. http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/tempus/participating_countries/higher/syria.pdf.
- OECD (2009). OECD.StatExtracts. Online Database. http://stats.oecd.org.
- UIS [UNESCO Institute of Statistics] (2008). Global education digest 2008: Comparing education statistics across the world. Montreal: UNESCO UIS. http://www.uis.unesco.org/template/pdf/ged/2008/GED%202008_EN.pdf.
- World Bank (2008a). The road not travelled: Education reform in the Middle East and North Africa. Washington, DC: World Bank.
- World Bank (2008b). World development indicators. Washington, DC: World Bank.
- World Bank (2009). Edstats Database. http://go.worldbank.org/XRUNYCJET0.
- Implications of financing higher education for access and equity: The case of Syria
Volume 41, Issue 1 , pp 97-113
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Higher education
- Education financing
- Industry Sectors