Prevention Science

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 588–599

Individual Factors and School-Based Policies Related to Adherence to Physical Activity Recommendations in Spanish Adolescents

  • I. Galán
  • R. Boix
  • M. J. Medrano
  • P. Ramos
  • F. Rivera
  • C. Moreno
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11121-013-0407-5

Cite this article as:
Galán, I., Boix, R., Medrano, M.J. et al. Prev Sci (2014) 15: 588. doi:10.1007/s11121-013-0407-5

Abstract

Our objective was to identify individual- and school-level contextual factors related to adherence to the recommendations for physical activity in adolescents. The study used a representative sample of 15,902 students from 328 schools aged 11–18 years participating in the Spanish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey 2006. In addition to the student questionnaire, the school management board completed a questionnaire about school-based policies related to physical activity. Adherence to the recommendations was defined as “having carried out moderate and/or vigorous physical activity for at least 60 min a day on five or more days during the last week”. Analysis was undertaken using multilevel logistic regression models. Individual factors associated in a statistically significant way with a higher non-compliance were: being female; being older; immigrants; tobacco smoking; being overweight or obese; low consumption of fruit and vegetables; low level of satisfaction with life; not having a high level of academic achievement; and spending a lot of time studying. The family variables were: not undertaking sports activities with the family; low socioeconomic status; and a low level of satisfaction with family relationships. Compared with schools that have a low level of policies to promote physical activities, those with a high level of promotion had an odds ratio of 0.76 (CI 95 %, 0.61–0.94). In summary, irrespective of personal and family factors, students from schools with better policies of promotion of physical activity showed a higher compliance with the recommendations.

Keywords

Physical activityAdolescentsDeterminantsSchool policiesMultilevel analysis

Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Galán
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Boix
    • 1
  • M. J. Medrano
    • 1
  • P. Ramos
    • 3
  • F. Rivera
    • 4
  • C. Moreno
    • 3
  1. 1.National Centre of EpidemiologyCarlos III Institute of HealthMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of MedicineAutonomous University of MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of SevilleSevilleSpain
  4. 4.Department of Clinical, Social and Experimental Psychology, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of HuelvaHuelvaSpain