Prevention Science

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 588–599

Individual Factors and School-Based Policies Related to Adherence to Physical Activity Recommendations in Spanish Adolescents

Authors

    • National Centre of EpidemiologyCarlos III Institute of Health
    • Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of MedicineAutonomous University of Madrid
  • R. Boix
    • National Centre of EpidemiologyCarlos III Institute of Health
  • M. J. Medrano
    • National Centre of EpidemiologyCarlos III Institute of Health
  • P. Ramos
    • Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of Seville
  • F. Rivera
    • Department of Clinical, Social and Experimental Psychology, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of Huelva
  • C. Moreno
    • Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of Seville
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11121-013-0407-5

Cite this article as:
Galán, I., Boix, R., Medrano, M.J. et al. Prev Sci (2014) 15: 588. doi:10.1007/s11121-013-0407-5

Abstract

Our objective was to identify individual- and school-level contextual factors related to adherence to the recommendations for physical activity in adolescents. The study used a representative sample of 15,902 students from 328 schools aged 11–18 years participating in the Spanish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey 2006. In addition to the student questionnaire, the school management board completed a questionnaire about school-based policies related to physical activity. Adherence to the recommendations was defined as “having carried out moderate and/or vigorous physical activity for at least 60 min a day on five or more days during the last week”. Analysis was undertaken using multilevel logistic regression models. Individual factors associated in a statistically significant way with a higher non-compliance were: being female; being older; immigrants; tobacco smoking; being overweight or obese; low consumption of fruit and vegetables; low level of satisfaction with life; not having a high level of academic achievement; and spending a lot of time studying. The family variables were: not undertaking sports activities with the family; low socioeconomic status; and a low level of satisfaction with family relationships. Compared with schools that have a low level of policies to promote physical activities, those with a high level of promotion had an odds ratio of 0.76 (CI 95 %, 0.61–0.94). In summary, irrespective of personal and family factors, students from schools with better policies of promotion of physical activity showed a higher compliance with the recommendations.

Keywords

Physical activityAdolescentsDeterminantsSchool policiesMultilevel analysis

Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2013