Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use Prevention Programs in U.S. Schools: A Descriptive Summary
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This report identifies the prevalence of state, local, and commercially developed substance abuse prevention programs in middle and high schools from 2001 to 2007, using survey data from nationally representative samples of 1,206 schools. Based on school administrators’ reports, schools and school districts offer students an average of 1.62 prevention programs during their school years from elementary through high school. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were conducted with school demographic characteristics public versus private, size, population density, region of the country, school race/ethnic composition, and socioeconomic status of the student body (SES) as predictors of total number of programs that students received and of the relative use of local, state, and commercial programs. Schools in the West had significantly fewer prevention programs than those in other regions of the country. Students in predominantly White and in higher SES schools received significantly more prevention programs than students in majority African American, majority Hispanic, or in lower SES affluent schools. The most frequently reported programs that students received were locally developed. D.A.R.E. was the most widely adopted prevention program. Findings from this study suggest that schools often develop their own curriculum to suit their students’ needs, and students are exposed to multiple prevention programs through their school years, making it difficult to examine the effectiveness of any single program in preventing and reducing substance use among students.
- Backer, T. E. (2000). The failure of success: Challenges of disseminating effective substance use prevention programs. Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 363–373. CrossRef
- Botvin, G. J. (1990). Substance abuse prevention: Theory, practice, and effectiveness. In M. Tonry & J. Q. Wilson (Eds.), Drugs and crime (pp. 461–519). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Cho, H., Hallfors, D. D., Iritani, B. J., & Hartman, S. (2009). The influence of “no child left behind” legislation on drug prevention in US schools. Evaluation Review, 33, 446–463. CrossRef
- Drug Strategies. (1999). Making the grade: A guide to school drug prevention programs (2nd ed.). Washington: Drug Strategies.
- Flay, B. R., Biglan, A., Boruch, R. F., Castro, F. G., Gottfredson, D., Kellam, S., & Moscicki, E. K. (2005). Standards of evidence: Criteria for efficacy, effectiveness, dissemination. Prevention Science, 6, 151–175. CrossRef
- Gottfredson, D. C., & Gottfredson, G. D. (2001). What schools can do to prevent problem behavior and promote safe environments. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 12, 313–344. CrossRef
- Hallfors, D., & Godette, D. (2002). Will the “principles of effectiveness” improve prevention practice? Early findings from a diffusion study. Health Education Research, 17, 461–470. CrossRef
- Hansen, W. B., & Dunsebury, L. (2004). All stars plus: A competence and motivation enhancement approach to prevention. Health Education, 104, 371–381. CrossRef
- Hernandez Jozefowicz-Simbeni, D. M. (2008). An ecological and developmental perspective on dropout risk factors in early adolescence: Role of school social workers in dropout prevention efforts. Children and Schools, 30, 49–62. CrossRef
- Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2010). Monitoring the future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2010: Vol. I. Secondary school students (NIH Publication No.10-758410-). Bethesda: National Institute of Drug Abuse.
- Kann, L., Telljohann, S. K., & Wooley, S. F. (2007). Health education: Results from the school health policies and programs study 2006. Journal of School Health, 77, 408–434. CrossRef
- National Institutes of Health, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2000). Healthy people, 2010. Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/Document/pdf/Volume2/26Substance.pdf.
- Orfield, G., Losen, D. J., Wald, J., & Swanson, C. (2004). Losing our future: How minority youth are being left behind by the graduation rate crisis. Cambridge: Harvard Civil Rights Project.
- Payne, A. A., Gottfredson, D. C., & Gottfredson, G. D. (2006). School predictors of the intensity of implementation of school-based prevention programs: Results from a national study. Prevention Science, 7, 225–237. CrossRef
- Pentz, M. A. (2004). Form follows function: Designs for prevention effectiveness and diffusion research. Prevention Science, 5, 23–29. CrossRef
- Ringwalt, C., Ennett, S. T., Vincus, A. A., Thorne, J., Rohrbach, L. A., & Simons-Rudolph, A. (2002). The prevalence of effective substance use prevention curricula in U.S. middle schools. Prevention Science, 3, 257–265. CrossRef
- Ringwalt, C., Hanley, S., Vincus, A. A., Ennett, S. T., Rohrbach, L. A., & Bowling, J. M. (2008). The prevalence of effective substance use prevention curricula in the nation’s high schools. Journal of Primary Prevention, 29, 479–488. CrossRef
- Ringwalt, C., Vincus, A. A., Hanley, S., Ennett, S. T., Bowling, J. M., & Rohrbach, L. M. (2009). The prevalence of evidence-based drug use prevention curricula in U.S. middle schools in 2005. Prevention Science, 10, 33–40. CrossRef
- Sloboda, Z., Pyakuryal, A., Stephens, P. C., Teasdale, B., Forrest, D., Stephens, R. C., et al. (2008). Reports of substance abuse prevention programming available in schools. Prevention Science, 9, 276–287. CrossRef
- Society for Prevention Research. (2004). Report on standards of evidence: Criteria for efficacy, effectiveness, and dissemination. Retrieved from http://www.preventionresearch.org/StandardsofEvidencebook.pdf.
- U.S. Department of Education. (2002). No child left behind: A desktop reference. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/account/nclbreference/page_pg31.html.
- Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use Prevention Programs in U.S. Schools: A Descriptive Summary
Volume 14, Issue 6 , pp 581-592
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- School prevention programs
- Alcohol use
- Tobacco use
- Drug use