Prevention Science

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 75–81

Does Federal Policy Support the Use of Scientific Evidence in School-Based Prevention Programs?


    • The Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
  • Melinda Pankratz
    • The Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
  • Shane Hartman
    • The Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11121-006-0058-x

Cite this article as:
Hallfors, D.D., Pankratz, M. & Hartman, S. Prev Sci (2007) 8: 75. doi:10.1007/s11121-006-0058-x


Since 1998, federal policy has explicitly required the use of “evidence-based” prevention programs in schools. We review how this policy has been implemented through state recipients of the Safe and Drug Free Schools (SDFS) Program, and how other federal and private agencies have supported the policy by providing guidance about the scientific evidence for specific programs’ effectiveness. We report data from a survey of SDFS state office directors, and we compare and contrast the most popular lists of effective programs. State offices supply the infrastructure for administering the SDFS Program, providing technical assistance to local school districts, monitoring the implementation of federal policy at the local level, and determining funding eligibility based on compliance. We found that states rely heavily on federal lists to determine whether school districts are meeting federal policy requirements, particularly the National Registry of Effective Programs and Practices (NREPP). Both SDFS and NREPP are changing, however, and the changes do not bode well for the transfer of prevention science to schools. Conclusions and recommendations are presented.


Safe and drug free schools programEvidence-based programSubstance abusePrevention policy

Copyright information

© Society of Prevention Research 2006