Does Federal Policy Support the Use of Scientific Evidence in School-Based Prevention Programs?
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Since 1998, federal policy has explicitly required the use of “evidence-based” prevention programs in schools. We review how this policy has been implemented through state recipients of the Safe and Drug Free Schools (SDFS) Program, and how other federal and private agencies have supported the policy by providing guidance about the scientific evidence for specific programs’ effectiveness. We report data from a survey of SDFS state office directors, and we compare and contrast the most popular lists of effective programs. State offices supply the infrastructure for administering the SDFS Program, providing technical assistance to local school districts, monitoring the implementation of federal policy at the local level, and determining funding eligibility based on compliance. We found that states rely heavily on federal lists to determine whether school districts are meeting federal policy requirements, particularly the National Registry of Effective Programs and Practices (NREPP). Both SDFS and NREPP are changing, however, and the changes do not bode well for the transfer of prevention science to schools. Conclusions and recommendations are presented.
- Centers for the Application of Prevention Technologies. (2006). Retrieved 2006 from http://captus.samhsa.gov/home.cfm.
- Center for Disease Control (US). (2000). Retrieved June 8th, 2000 from http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/rtc/criteria.htm; no longer available. Current site available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ tobacco/bestprac.htm.
- Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. (2001). Science-based substance abuse prevention: A guide. Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services.
- Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence. (2006). Blueprints for Violence Prevention Overview. Retrieved 2006, from University of Colorado, Boulder (CO) website: http://www.colorado.edu/cspv/blueprints/model/criteria.html.
- Drug Strategies. (1996). Making the Grade: A Guide to School Drug Prevention Programs. Revised 1999. Washington, DC: Drug Strategies.
- Flay, B. R., Biglan, A., Boruch, R. F., Castro, F. G., Gottfredson, D., Kellam, S., Moscicki, E. K., Schinke, S., Valentine, J. C., & Ji, P. (2005). Standards of Evidence: Criteria for Efficacy, Effectiveness and Dissemination. Prevention Science, 6(3), 151–175. CrossRef
- Gorman, D. M. (2002). Defining and operationalizing “research-based” prevention” a critique (with case studies) of the US Department of Education's Safe, Disciplined and Drug-Free Schools Exemplary Programs. Evaluation and Program Planning, 25, 295–302. CrossRef
- Hallfors, D., Cho, H., Sanchez, V., Khatapoush, S., & Kim, H. (2006). Comparison of efficacy and effectiveness trial results in an indicated “model” program: Implications for public health. American Journal of Public Health. First Look, published online ahead of print June 29, 2006, at http://www.ajph.org/cgi/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2005.067462.
- Hallfors, D., & Godette, D. (2002). Will the ‘principles of effectiveness’ improve prevention practice? Early findings from a diffusion study. Health Education Research, 17(4), 461–70. CrossRef
- Hallfors, D., Pankratz, M., & Sporer, A. (2001). Drug Free Schools Survey II: Report of Results. University of North Carolina, School of Public Health, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Chapel Hill, NC.
- Hantman, I., & Crosse, S. (2000). Progress in Prevention: Report on the National Study of Local Education Agency Activities under the Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities Act. US Department of Education, Office of the Under Secretary, Planning and Evaluations Services, Washington, DC.
- Mihalic, S., & Aultman-Bettridge, T. (2004). A Guide to Effective School-Based Prevention Programs: Individually Focused Programs. In W. Turk (Ed.), School Crime and Policing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
- National Center for Education Statistics. (2006). State Education Data Profiles. Retrieved 2006, from http://nces.ed.gov/programs/stateprofiles/.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse (US). (1997, 2nd edition 2003). Preventing Drug Use Among Children and Adolescents: A Research-Based Guide for Parents, Educators, and Community Leaders. Rockville, MD: NIDA.
- No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, Pub. L. No. 107–110, 115 Stat. 1425 (2002). Retrieved 2006, from http://www.ed.gov/legislation/ESEA02/.
- Office of National Drug Control Policy. (1999). National drug control strategy-Performance measures of effectiveness: Implementation and findings. Washington, DC: Executive office of the President.
- Petrosino, A. (2003). Standards for evidence and evidence for standards: The case of school-based drug prevention. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 587, 180–207. CrossRef
- Ringwalt, C. L., Ennett, S., Vincus, A., Thorne, J., Rohrbach, L. A., & Simons-Rudolph, A. (2002). The prevalence of effective substance use prevention curricula in U.S. middle schools. Prevention Science, 3(4), 257–265. CrossRef
- Safe, Disciplined, and Drug-Free Schools Expert Panel. (2001). Exemplary Programs. Retrieved 2006, from http://www.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/exemplary01/sddsguid.pdf and http://www. ed.gov/offices/OERI/ORAD/KAD/expert_panel/2001exemplary_sddfs.html.
- Silvia, E. S., & Thorne, J. (1997). School-based drug prevention programs: A longitudinal study in selected school districts (executive summary). Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute.
- SPSS, Inc (2005). SPSS version 14.0. Chicago, IL.
- St. Pierre, T. L., Osgood, D.W., Mincemoyer, C. C., Kaltreider, D. L., & Kauh, T. J. (2005). Results of an Independent Evaluation of Project ALERT Delivered in Schools by Cooperative Extension. Prevention Science, 6(4), 305–17. CrossRef
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US). SAMHSA Model Programs. Retrieved 2006, from http://modelprograms.samhsa.gov/.
- Sudman, S., Bradburn, N. M., & Schwarz, N. (1996). Thinking About Answers: The Application of Cognitive Processes to Survey Methodology. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- U.S Census Bureau. (2006). National and State Population Estimates: Annual population Estimates 2000 to 2005. Retrieved 2006, from http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html.
- U.S Department of Education (1998). Notice of final principles of effectiveness. Federal Register, 63(104), 29902–29906.
- U.S Department of Education (2006a). Fiscal Year 2001–2006 State Tables for the U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved 2006, from http://www.ed.gov/about/overview/budget/statetables/index.html.
- U.S Department of Education. (2006b). What Works Clearinghouse. Retrieved 2006, from http://www.whatworks.ed.gov/.
- U.S Department of Health and Human Services (2005). Notice: Request for Comments: National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP). Federal Register, 70(165), 50381–50390.
- US Department of Health and Human Services (2006). Changes to the National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP). Federal Register, 71(49), 13132–13155.
- US General Accounting Office. (1997). Safe and drug-free schools: Balancing accountability with state and local flexibility. Washington, DC: GAO/HEHS-98-3.
- Does Federal Policy Support the Use of Scientific Evidence in School-Based Prevention Programs?
Volume 8, Issue 1 , pp 75-81
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Safe and drug free schools program
- Evidence-based program
- Substance abuse
- Prevention policy